Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

Nur 241 - Psych > Chapter 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (39)
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1

What is the frontal lobe for?

Appropriate decision making, executive function. Also for voluntary motor ability, which starts here.

2

What is the parietal (top) lobe for?

Sensory information, concept formation, reading, math, etc.

3

What is the temporal lobe for?

Language comprehension happens here - along with the emotional brain!

4

What's the occipital lobe for?

Interprets visual images, language formation, etc.

5

Amygdala - plays a role in processing fear and anxiety. T/F?

True!

6

What's the limbic system?

This is the emotional brain - which includes the hypothalamus and thalamus.

7

What are EPS'?

They are those odd little symptoms.

8

What is the reticular activating system?

These are projections - has to do with sleep and wakefullness.

9

The ___ is mainly a coordinator of motor function.

Cerebellum.

10

Thalamus - major relay station for sensory impulses. T/F?

True!

11

The hypothalamus - maintains homeostasis. T/F?

True!

12

CT/MRI - They show ____.

PET/SPECT - they show ___.

CT/MRI show anatomical problems.

PET/SPECT show metabolism/in the moment things.

13

Dopamine - involved in...

cognition, motivation, decision making and movement.

14

Dopamine is balanced by the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. T/F?

True!

15

Serotonin - helps regulate what?

Mood, arousal, attention, behaviors and body temp.

16

What does GABA reduce?

Anxiety

17

What does glutamate do?

Plays a role in learning and memory.

18

What is Pseudoparkinsonionism?

That's when a person with Schizophrenia is given too much anti-dopamine medication so they act like they have parkinson's.

19

What are monoamines?

They are a type of organic compound/neurotransmitter.

20

What can happen if MAOI's are mixed with certain foods, like beer, merlot, cabernet, organ meat, avocado's, chocolate, aged cheeses?

A hypertensive crisis can occur!

21

What is one of the biggest problems with TCA's? Also, give an example of a TCA

They are very effective but have a lot of side effects! Elavil (Amatryptyline) is one

22

With SSRI's, it's okay to stop them immediately. T/F?

False!

23

What are SNRI's?

Selective Seritonin-NE Reuptake Inhibitor, like Effexor (Venlafaxine)

24

What are SNDI's?

Serotonin-NE Disinhibitors, like Mirtazapine, increase NE and Serotonin transmission.

25

What are NDRI's?

NE-Dopamine Reuptake Inhibitors - like Bupropion and Trazodone.

26

Benzos act by increasing GABA, which..

reduces anxiety!

27

What does Buspirone do?

Buspar is a non-benzodiazapine that reduces anxiety without strong sedative effects.

28

Xanax - it should be used alone and for long term. T/F?

False - it shouldn't be! It's highly addictive!

29

Lithhium, used for bipolar, is very safe. T/F?

False - it's effective but has a very high chance of causing problems!

30

Can anticonvulsants be used as mood stabiliziers?

Yes!