Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (39)
What is the frontal lobe for?
Appropriate decision making, executive function. Also for voluntary motor ability, which starts here.
What is the parietal (top) lobe for?
Sensory information, concept formation, reading, math, etc.
What is the temporal lobe for?
Language comprehension happens here - along with the emotional brain!
What's the occipital lobe for?
Interprets visual images, language formation, etc.
Amygdala - plays a role in processing fear and anxiety. T/F?
What's the limbic system?
This is the emotional brain - which includes the hypothalamus and thalamus.
What are EPS'?
They are those odd little symptoms.
What is the reticular activating system?
These are projections - has to do with sleep and wakefullness.
The ___ is mainly a coordinator of motor function.
Thalamus - major relay station for sensory impulses. T/F?
The hypothalamus - maintains homeostasis. T/F?
CT/MRI - They show ____.
PET/SPECT - they show ___.
CT/MRI show anatomical problems.
PET/SPECT show metabolism/in the moment things.
Dopamine - involved in...
cognition, motivation, decision making and movement.
Dopamine is balanced by the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. T/F?
Serotonin - helps regulate what?
Mood, arousal, attention, behaviors and body temp.
What does GABA reduce?
What does glutamate do?
Plays a role in learning and memory.
What is Pseudoparkinsonionism?
That's when a person with Schizophrenia is given too much anti-dopamine medication so they act like they have parkinson's.
What are monoamines?
They are a type of organic compound/neurotransmitter.
What can happen if MAOI's are mixed with certain foods, like beer, merlot, cabernet, organ meat, avocado's, chocolate, aged cheeses?
A hypertensive crisis can occur!
What is one of the biggest problems with TCA's? Also, give an example of a TCA
They are very effective but have a lot of side effects! Elavil (Amatryptyline) is one
With SSRI's, it's okay to stop them immediately. T/F?
What are SNRI's?
Selective Seritonin-NE Reuptake Inhibitor, like Effexor (Venlafaxine)
What are SNDI's?
Serotonin-NE Disinhibitors, like Mirtazapine, increase NE and Serotonin transmission.
What are NDRI's?
NE-Dopamine Reuptake Inhibitors - like Bupropion and Trazodone.
Benzos act by increasing GABA, which..
What does Buspirone do?
Buspar is a non-benzodiazapine that reduces anxiety without strong sedative effects.
Xanax - it should be used alone and for long term. T/F?
False - it shouldn't be! It's highly addictive!
Lithhium, used for bipolar, is very safe. T/F?
False - it's effective but has a very high chance of causing problems!