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1

the primary sex organs

testes and ovaries

2

the sex hormones in men

Androgens

3

the sex hormones in women

Estrogens and progesterone

4

term for sex cells

gametes

5

the accessory reproductive organs

ducts, glands, and external genitalia

6

role of sex hormones

- development and function of reproductive organs
- sexual behavior and drives
- growth of other organs and tissues

7

R- function of the dartos muscle

wrinkles the scrotal skin for temperature regulation

8

function of the cremaster muscles

elevates the testes

9

the 2 tunics that surround the testes

tunica vaginalis
tunica albuginea

10

what divides the testes into 250-300 lobules

the septa

11

the male copulatory organ

the penis

12

where does sperm gain its motility?

the epididymis

13

another word for foreskin

prepuce

14

R- function of Sertoli cells

- Provide nutrients and signals to dividing cells
- Dispose of excess cytoplasm sloughed off during spermiogenesis

15

3 regions of the sperm

head
midpiece
tail

16

what hormone causes Steroli cells to release androgen-binding protein?

FSH

17

what is the function of androgen binding protein (ABP)?

makes spermatogenic cells receptive to testosterone

18

another word for Sertoli cells

sustentacular cells

19

another word for Leydig cells

insterstitial cells

20

what hormone stimulates Leydig cells to release testosterone?

LH (luteinizing hormone)

21

what is the final trigger for spermatogenesis?

testosterone

22

what releases gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)?

hypothalamus

23

2 gonadotropins released by the anterior pituitary

FSH
LH

24

what stimulates the anterior pituitary to release FSH and LH?

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)

25

the most common bacterial STD in the united states

chlamydia trachomatis

26

the bacteria that causes syphilis

treponema pallidum

27

3 accessory glands of male reproduction

- seminal vesicles
- prostate
- bulbourethral or Cowper's gland

28

the system of ducts that deliver sperm to the exterior?

Epididymis, ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct, and the urethra

29

what do the acessory sex glands do?

Empty secretions into the ducts during ejaculation

30

what layer is the white coat that surround the testes?

Tunica albuginea