Flashcards in Chapter 30 Deck (93)
the primary sex organs
testes and ovaries
the sex hormones in men
the sex hormones in women
Estrogens and progesterone
term for sex cells
the accessory reproductive organs
ducts, glands, and external genitalia
role of sex hormones
- development and function of reproductive organs
- sexual behavior and drives
- growth of other organs and tissues
R- function of the dartos muscle
wrinkles the scrotal skin for temperature regulation
function of the cremaster muscles
elevates the testes
the 2 tunics that surround the testes
what divides the testes into 250-300 lobules
the male copulatory organ
where does sperm gain its motility?
another word for foreskin
R- function of Sertoli cells
- Provide nutrients and signals to dividing cells
- Dispose of excess cytoplasm sloughed off during spermiogenesis
3 regions of the sperm
what hormone causes Steroli cells to release androgen-binding protein?
what is the function of androgen binding protein (ABP)?
makes spermatogenic cells receptive to testosterone
another word for Sertoli cells
another word for Leydig cells
what hormone stimulates Leydig cells to release testosterone?
LH (luteinizing hormone)
what is the final trigger for spermatogenesis?
what releases gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)?
2 gonadotropins released by the anterior pituitary
what stimulates the anterior pituitary to release FSH and LH?
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
the most common bacterial STD in the united states
the bacteria that causes syphilis
3 accessory glands of male reproduction
- seminal vesicles
- bulbourethral or Cowper's gland
the system of ducts that deliver sperm to the exterior?
Epididymis, ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct, and the urethra
what do the acessory sex glands do?
Empty secretions into the ducts during ejaculation