Flashcards in Chapter 3- The Flow Of Food Deck (17)
What is the range of temperatures for the temperature danger zone?
40'c to 60'c (40'f-140'f)
Why is there concern about food reaching the danger zone?
Range of temperatures where harmful microorganisms and pathogenic bacteria grow most rapidly
List four things to observe when purchasing or receiving food
•leaks or tears
•best before dates
•signs that frozen food has been thawed and re-frozen (temperature abuse)
•check cans for dents
What temperature must food be stored in a refrigerator?
What temperature must frozen food be stored at?
What are safe methods to thaw frozen food?
• 4'c(40'f) temp fridge
• cold water in sink
•Thaw in microwave "defrost"
Thaw food as part of continuous cooking process
What is a good minimum internal cooking temperature for most food?
What is hot holding and what is the required temperature?
If cooked food is not going to be served or cooked immediately it needs to be held at 60'C (140'F) or above
Why must hot food be cooked quickly if it's not going to be served right away?
The faster food is cooled the less time it spends in the danger zone
What are safe methods to cool hot food quickly ?
•shallow containers or pans
•ice water bath
•cut up and debone large pieces of meat
•use and ice wand
What does HACCP stand for and how is it used during the flow of food?
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point
Used to create safe food by identifying, monitoring, and controlling potential hazards at each stage in the flow of food
How do you calibrate a probe thermometer using the ice point method?
•Fill container with crushed and water
• insert stem into the centre
• dial must hit 0C
The Ontario food premises regulation defines a potentially "hazardous food" as:
Food able to support growth of pathogenic organisms or the to productions of the toxins
Potentially hazardous foods are:
•meat, fish, poultry, and eggs
• dairy products
• bean sprouts
List Nine stages in the flow of food
Cross-contamination refers to:
Transfer of pathogens from raw to ready to eat food