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Flashcards in Chapter 3 - Socialization Deck (18)
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1

Socialization

the social process whereby people undergo development by interacting with the people around them

2

Agents of Socialization

the individuals, groups and institutions that impart, and from which we acquire, the range of information required to interact effectively nad participate in society
Family
Media
School
Peers
Relationship to Religion
Exposure/Involvement in athletics and clubs

3

Primary Socialization

the crucial learning process that occurs in childhood and makes is members of society

4

Secondary Socialization

the learning that occurs after people undergo development by interacting with the people around them

5

Gender Socialization

The process by which individuals learn to become feminine and masculine according to the expectations current in their society

6

Resocialization

The deliberate attempt to correct or instil particular values and behaviours in an individual or group.

7

Anticipatory Socialization

involves beginning to take on the norms and behaviours of a role to aspire to but do not yet occupy

8

Life course sequencing

the sequence in which we see milestones. Today, it is disconinuous

9

Cooley

developd the Looking glass self based on the interest of how ewe develop a sense of self

10

The Looking Glass Self

suggests that the gestures and reactions of others are a mirror in which we see ourselves, and explains why we can't learn about ourselves in isolation. We often modify our behaviour because we are aware of others around us interpreting our actions, and we are concerned about how others are applying negative judgements based on associations with the way they see us.

11

Mead

developed the theory of informed symbolic interactionism or 'taking the role of the other'

12

Taking the Role of the Other (informed symbolic interactionism)

involves anticipating in advance how others will see and react to you. The ability to interpret or understand another person's perspective.

13

Stages of informed symbolic interactionism

Imitative
Play
Game

14

Imitative Stage of ISI

children 2 or under. Kids don’t know how to take the role of the other and are learning to recognize others as separate beings

15

Play Stage of ISI

learning how to take the roles of other people – learning to imagine how others are responding to them. However, they cant contextualize themselves: they cant completely understand what position they fit into in relation to the larger group (think of 3 year olds playing soccer)

16

Game Stage of ISI

the person has progressed and they understand their position in relational terms. (ex: can play as a team in soccer)

17

Generalized Other

a conception of how people in general will respond in a situation. It is done by internalizing the values and beliefs of the larger society and explains why we get embarrassed in public around strangers.

18

REVIEW GENDER SOCIALIZATION

ITS REINFORCEMENT, SEXUAL HARRASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE, MORE DETAIL ON GENDER AS A SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION.