Flashcards in Chapter 3-Guidelines for Constructivist-Developmental Counselor Education Deck (50)
According to Elbow, what is the believing game vs. the doubting game?
Believing game-students believe in, others’ ideas seriously before challenging them.
Doubting game-critiquing ideas to find their flaws
What are Methods for promoting interaction?
discussions, buzz groups, and cooperative learning
Define a transgression of boundaries.
showing excitement for ideas and for each other
Describe Guideline 4-Emphasize multiple perspectives
Counselors must recognize their assumptions and weigh alternatives in the moment.
What can help counselors consider multiple perspectives?
dialectical thinking, seeking out alternate formulations of a situation and attempting to incorporate those views into decisions on how to act
For cultural perspectives, how can a counselor educator can act as a “critical pedagogue?
helps students change their “stagnant or stereotypical views” about groups other than their own
Describe Guideline 5—Value approximation over precision
Approximation-hearing an emerging client story and formulating a response in the moment.
How can counselors help students live with approximations?
Speak in measured tones
What are some ways to encourage approximation?
Show respect for the partially formed ideas
Describe Guideline 6-conflict and dialectic are the norm. Encourage their expression
at least temporarily, live in the discomfort of conflict.
Greek agon-notion of agon, struggle or contest.
How can counselors encourage students to embrace conflict and dialectic as a norm?
1. Ask students to assess their learned ways of dealing with, or avoiding, conflict
2. Model comfort with conflict.
3. Invite counterviews on any issue in a class.
What are 3 dangers of categorical thinking?
treating the words as if they represent a real thing.
EX: that patient is a borderline
seeing the whole person or behavior as fitting into a category.
Treating phenomena in either/or fashion.
How might counselors counter reification of socially constructed categories of DSM?
Use the phrase diagnostic impression, which acknowledges the subjectivity and approximation
Describe Guideline 8—Show commitment in the face of doubt
Taking action, often under uncertain conditions.
Guideline 9—Encourage intrapersonal process awareness, or metacognition
Step back from experience and reflect on and evaluate it.
What does Metacognition allow counselors to recognize?
countertransference and projections.