Chapter 3-Guidelines for Constructivist-Developmental Counselor Education Flashcards Preview

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1

Jane Vella’s (2002) principles for adult education (First 3)

1. Create a feeling of Safety.
2. Ensure the existence of Sound relationships.
3. Show Respect for learners as agents.

2

Jane Vella’s (2002) principles for adult education (next 3)

4. Engage learners.
5. Do regular Needs assessments and practice accountability.
6. Provide Sequence and reinforcement.

3

Jane Vella’s (2002) principles for adult education (final 3)

7. Provide opportunities for immediate Application.
8. Practice Equity.
9. Encourage Teamwork.

4

Vella suggests that instructors do the following to create safety (5):

1. Make course design and requirements clear
2. Share teacher’s background & passion for the subject.
3. Ask learners about their expectations.
4. Ask learners what norms they propose
5. Be affirming.

5

RE: Vella, how can instructors ensure the existence of sound relationships (4)?

1. Address students by name.
2. Be accessible (e.g., via email and phone). 3. Explain rationales for in-class activities and assignments.
4. Challenge their initial or ongoing prejudices about particular students

6

RE: Vella, how can instructors show respect for learners as agents (2)?

1. Treat adult learners as capable of making decisions during the course.
2. Clarify when students are consultants making suggestions and when they are deliberators making decisions.

7

RE: Vella, how can instructors engage learners (3)?

1. Regularly engage learners in activity.
2. Treat a learning task as an open question put to a small group.
3. Be wary of merely “covering” a set curriculum.

8

RE: Vella, how can instructors do regular needs assessments and practice accountability (2)?

1. Ask two questions,“What do you think you need to know?” and “What do you already know?”
2. Give formative assessments to gauge learning

9

RE: Vella, how can instructors provide sequence and reinforcement (4)?

(1) start with simple, safe tasks
(2) take small steps toward building to the next tasks
(3) return to previously taught facts, skills, and attitudes
(4) encourage students to experience and/or pay attention to practical results of trying out ideas.

10

RE: Vella, how can instructors provide opportunities for immediate application (2)?

1. Engage in class simulations.
2. Have a mini practicum.

11

RE: Vella, how can instructors practice equity (4)?

1. Call instructors by first names.
2. Sit within the circle of learners as inquirers.
3. Self-disclose
4. Co-present at conferences

12

RE: Vella, how can instructors encourage teamwork?

1. Let students form their own groups
2. Form groups for students
3. Direct the teams toward a learning task.
4. Have learners pay attention to interpersonal process as well as the product.
5. Ask learners to assess formatively and summatively.

13

CONSTRUCTIVIST-DEVELOPMENTAL TEACHING GUIDELINES - first 3

Lee Knefelkamp (1984) proposed the first three guidelines, acronym ESP
1. Value and promote Experience.
2. Vary the Structure.
3. Personalize teaching.

14

CONSTRUCTIVIST-DEVELOPMENTAL TEACHING GUIDELINES - next 5 and what do they promote?

Promote thoughtful reflection, acronym MACCC
4. Emphasize Multiple perspectives.
5. Value Approximation over precision.
6. Recognize that Conflict and dialectic are the norm. Encourage their expression.
7. Question Categorical thinking.
8. Show Commitment in the face of doubt.

15

CONSTRUCTIVIST-DEVELOPMENTAL TEACHING GUIDELINES - first 3

Lee Knefelkamp (1984) proposed the first three guidelines, acronym ESP
1. Value and promote Experience.
2. Vary the Structure.
3. Personalize teaching.

16

CONSTRUCTIVIST-DEVELOPMENTAL TEACHING GUIDELINES - next 5 and what do they promote?

Promote thoughtful reflection, acronym MACCC
4. Emphasize Multiple perspectives.
5. Value Approximation over precision.
6. Recognize that Conflict and dialectic are the norm. Encourage their expression.
7. Question Categorical thinking.
8. Show Commitment in the face of doubt.

17

CONSTRUCTIVIST-DEVELOPMENTAL TEACHING GUIDELINES - last 2 and what do they promote?

Promote the process in counseling
9. Encourage Intrapersonal process awareness, or metacognition.
10. Accent interpersonal process commentary, or metalogue.

18

Define Guideline 1—Value and promote experience

Active participation in events or activities in a way that heightens attention and the senses.

19

Bandura found that the most influential contribution to a sense of self-efficacy was ?

Performance accomplishment, an occurrence in which an individual experiences success.

20

Examples of experiential learning in counselor education

1.role plays,
2. classroom simulations and exercises, 3.team projects,
4. interviewing and shadowing experts,
5. case studies,
6. out-of-class observations,
7.field work.

21

When is it good to provide high levels of structure?

When presenting new material

22

Higher degrees of structure might include:

1. Outline and rubric
2. Agenda for class with objectives
3. Study guides for tests
4. Definition of terms
5. Study guidelines

23

Define Guideline 3—Personalize teaching

(1) promoting interactions among all participants
(2) making connections between the subject matter and individuals’ personal lives and experiences.

24

What are 4 ways the instructor can personalize the learning environment?

1. Encouraging students to make personal connections with the subject matter
2. Being “present” in the classroom
3. Providing a challenging but nonpunitive environment
4. Instigating dialogue and interaction

25

What are another 4 ways the instructor can personalize the learning environment?

5. showing enthusiasm
6. sharing the teaching methods
7. offering individualized feedback
8. being accessible

26

What is “objectification of the teacher?”

Taking a dispassion stance about knowledge
No personalization of the instructor

27

What did Belenky and colleagues mean by the “connected classroom?”

A place in which everyone contributes and everyone’s presence is valued.

28

What did Freire mean by the midwife model of creating knowledge?

Instructor helps student birth their own ideas by asking questions, encouraging free writing, and assigning reflection papers,

29

What did Belenky and colleagues mean by the “connected classroom?”

A place in which everyone contributes and everyone’s presence is valued.

30

What did Freire mean by the midwife model of creating knowledge?

Instructor helps student birth their own ideas by asking questions, encouraging free writing, and assigning reflection papers,