Flashcards in Chapter 3- Adler: Individual Psychology Deck (72)
Adler founded his own psychology group:
The Society for individual psychology
This theory of psychology presents an optimistic view of people while resting heavily on the notion of social interest, a feeling of oneness with all humankind
Alfred Adler's name is less well-known than that of Freud or Jung because of three possible reasons:
1) Adler did not establish a tightly run organization to perpetuate his theories
2) he was not a particularly gifted writer
3) many of his views were incorporated into the works of later theorists and thus are no longer associated with Adler's name
What are the six tenets of Adlerian theory?
1) striving for success or superiority is the one dynamic force behind peoples behaviour
2) people's subjective perceptions shape their behavior and personality
3) personality is unified and self-consistent
4) The value of all human activity must be seen from the viewpoint of social interest
5) The self-consistent personality structure develops into a person's style of life
6) style of life is molded by people's creative power
People who strive for personal superiority over others
Striving for superiority
Actions of people who are motivated by highly developed social interest
Driving for success
According to Adler's individual psychology theory, regardless of the motivation for striving, each individual is guided by
A final goal
The final goal of success or superiority toward which all people strive does two things:
Unifies personality and makes all behavior meaningful
People's ability to freely shape their behavior and create their own personality
According to Adler, people are continually pushed by the need to overcome _________ feelings and pulled by the desire for ________
According to Adler, the striving force can take one of two courses:
Personal gain (superiority) or community benefits (success)
Adler believed that the final goal is set as compensation for the deficit feeling, and that the striving for success goal is ______ in other words we are born with it.
People who's goals are personal ones and who's driving's are motivated largely by exaggerated feelings of personal inferiority. They have little or no concern for others. These people have an:
In contrast to people who strive for personal gain are those psychologically healthy people who are motivated by ________ ______and the _________ of all humankind.
Social interest, success
People's _______ view of the world, not reality shapes their behavior according to Adler
A person's subjective perceptions of reality or expectations of the future
People are motivated not by what is true, but by their subjective perceptions of what is true according to Adler. Adler emphasized _______ over causality, or explanations of behavior in terms of future goals rather than past causes
Adler believe that all humans are _______ with physical inferiorities, which stimulates subjective feelings of inferiority and move people toward perfection or completion.
Because Adler believed that all behaviors are directed toward a single purpose, even _________ or contradictory behaviors can be seen as operating in a self-consistent manner
According to Adler, a deficient organ expresses the direction of the individual's goal, a condition known as:
According to Adler, the part of our goal that is not clearly understood is:
According to Adler, thoughts that are understood and regarded by the individual as helpful in striving for success are considered:
A feeling of oneness with all of humanity, or "social feeling". An attitude of relatedness with humanity in general as well as an empathy for each member of the human community.
Adler believed that social interest originates from the _____-_____ relationship during the early months of infancy.
Adler believed that the parent-child relationship can be so strong that it negates the effects of:
According to Adler, _____ _____ is the sole criterion of human values and the worthiness of all one's actions must be seen by this standard
The flavor of a persons life which includes their goals, self-concept, feelings for others, and attitude toward the world. It is the product of the interaction of heredity, environment, and a person's creative power.
Style of life
A person style of life is relatively well set by __ or __ years of age.
Four or five. However, Adler believe that healthy individuals are marked by flexible behavior and they have some ability to change their style of life.
Style of life is partially a product of heredity and environment but ultimately, style of life is shaped by peoples _____ _____ , their ability to freely choose a course of action