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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (13)
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1

What is a prokaryote/

Single celled organism with no nuclear membrane, or organelles, dna is signle strand in cytoplasm

2

What is a eukaryote?

YOU! multi-celled organism with membrane bound nucleus, with genetic material and organelles.

3

What is the nucleus?

Houses nearly all genetic material, covered by membrane

4

What is the endoplasmic reticulum?`

surrounds nuclear membrane, aids in protein synthesis

5

what is the mitochondria?

generates mostof the energy, houses MtDNA

6

What is the difference between somatic cells and Gametes?

Somatic cells make up everything except sex cells, which are eggs and sperm

7

why is mtDNA important?

mitochondria turns oxygen into ATP, which is energy, given to us by mother

8

How does DNA reproduce itself?

Takes place in Nucleus, leads to production of somatic cells (mitosis) or gametes (meosis). Seperation begins between a double helix, enzymes break H bonds, and dna is unzipped, exposed, they attract free floating nucleotides, which bond. replication complete

9

What is the process of Mitosis?

1.DNA is replicated
2. chromosomes are duplicated
3. chromosomes line up, spindle forms
4. as cell divides, dna seperates, each new cell has 23 pairs of chromosomes

10

what is a phenotype?

the physical expression of a gene

11

what is a genotype?

the information within genes that make an expression of alleles

12

what is Mendels law of segregation?

two alleles for any given trait are inherited, one from each parent,

13

what is Mendels Law of independent assortment?

the inheritance of one trait does not affect the inheritance of others. (as seen in Meiosis 1)