Chapter 3 & 4: Exploration Test Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 & 4: Exploration Test Review Deck (21)
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Who conquered the Aztec empire?

Hernando Cortès

1

Why did Europeans see Africans as a better source of labor than Native Americans?

Millions of Native Americans died from disease, warfare, and brutal treatment.

2

What prompted a wave of new businesses and trade practices in Europe in the 16th and 17th century?

New wealth from the Americans

3

Which Europeans country was the first to import enslaved Africans to the Americas?

Spain

4

As a part of the Columbian Exchange which goods were carried West across the Atlantic?

Onion, citrus fruits, olive, grape, turnip, coffee, bean, banana, sugar cane, peach, pear, honey bee, wheat, rice, barley, oats, cattle, sheep, pig, horse, smallpox, influenza, typhus, measles, malaria, diphtheria, whooping cough

5

Korea was a vassal state of which country during the 1700's?

China

6

Why did Lord McCartney give a letter from King George III to QI an-long?

Great Britain wanted to increase trade with China.

7

Who captained the first European ship to sail around the tip of Africa, now known as the Cape of Good Hope?

Vasco da Gama

8

What type of policy did Japan institute to control foreign ideas?

A closed country policy

9

Which European country controlling trade in the East Indies?

The Netherlands

10

What helped increase slave trade in Africa during the seventh century?

Spread of Islam into Africa

11

How was Africa affected by the Atlantic slave trade?

Cultures lost and families torn apart

12

What were Europeans main motives for making voyages for exploration?

God, Glory, and Gold
(Desire for wealth)

13

Why was Tokugawa Ieyasu upset by the success of Christian missionaries?

He feared religious uprisings

14

What was the purpose of most of the joint-stock companies of the 1500's and 1600's?

To fund colonial exploration

15

What did the encomienda system provide for New Spain?

A cheap labor source

16

What European nation profited most from trade with the East in the years directly following the Crusades?

Italy

17

Why was Zheng He important?

He led 6 Chinese overseas explorations

18

Which nation did Prince Henry help to take the lead in overseas exploration?

Portugal

19

By the 1700's which nation's East India Company dominated the Indian Ocean Trade?

Portugal

20

How were the Europeans' reasons for overseas exploration similar to the reasons the Chinese had for overseas exploration in the early 1400's?

-In the early 1400's Chinese Muslim admiral Zheng He led 7 voyages with 40-300 ships
-27000 crew members
-treasure ships
-distributed silver and silk
-to show Chinese superiority an 16 countries sent tribute to the Ming court but the voyages wasted valuable resources and China withdrew into isolation

Europe searched for wealth.
-Europe wanted to be rich and improve new trade routes
-because of an increased demand for spices merchants had to sell them at high prices to gain a profit.
-Europeans sought to cut out Italians so they wouldn't have that extra increase and spices could be sold for cheaper
-sought a sea route directly to Asia

BOTH COUNTRIES WANTED MORE WEALTH