Flashcards in Chapter 3 & 4: Exploration Test Review Deck (21)
Who conquered the Aztec empire?
Why did Europeans see Africans as a better source of labor than Native Americans?
Millions of Native Americans died from disease, warfare, and brutal treatment.
What prompted a wave of new businesses and trade practices in Europe in the 16th and 17th century?
New wealth from the Americans
Which Europeans country was the first to import enslaved Africans to the Americas?
As a part of the Columbian Exchange which goods were carried West across the Atlantic?
Onion, citrus fruits, olive, grape, turnip, coffee, bean, banana, sugar cane, peach, pear, honey bee, wheat, rice, barley, oats, cattle, sheep, pig, horse, smallpox, influenza, typhus, measles, malaria, diphtheria, whooping cough
Korea was a vassal state of which country during the 1700's?
Why did Lord McCartney give a letter from King George III to QI an-long?
Great Britain wanted to increase trade with China.
Who captained the first European ship to sail around the tip of Africa, now known as the Cape of Good Hope?
Vasco da Gama
What type of policy did Japan institute to control foreign ideas?
A closed country policy
Which European country controlling trade in the East Indies?
What helped increase slave trade in Africa during the seventh century?
Spread of Islam into Africa
How was Africa affected by the Atlantic slave trade?
Cultures lost and families torn apart
What were Europeans main motives for making voyages for exploration?
God, Glory, and Gold
(Desire for wealth)
Why was Tokugawa Ieyasu upset by the success of Christian missionaries?
He feared religious uprisings
What was the purpose of most of the joint-stock companies of the 1500's and 1600's?
To fund colonial exploration
What did the encomienda system provide for New Spain?
A cheap labor source
What European nation profited most from trade with the East in the years directly following the Crusades?
Why was Zheng He important?
He led 6 Chinese overseas explorations
Which nation did Prince Henry help to take the lead in overseas exploration?
By the 1700's which nation's East India Company dominated the Indian Ocean Trade?