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1

reinforcement

the procedure of providing consequences for a behavior that increase or maintain the frequency of that behavior

2

reinforcer

an event that, when made contingent on a behavior, increases or maintains the frequency of that behavior

3

positive reinforcer

a reinforcing event in which something is added following a behavior

4

negative reinforcer

a reinforcing event in which something is removed following a behavior

5

primary reinforcers

reinforcers that are not dependent on their association with other reinforcers

6

secondary reinforcers

reinforcers that are dependent on their association with other reinforcers

7

contrived reinforcers

reinforcers that have been arranged by someone for the purpose of modifying behavior

8

natural reinforcers

reinforcers that have not been arranged by someone for that purpose of modifying behavior; spontaneous or unplanned reinforcers

9

bootleg reinforcers

reinforcement that is not part of, and tends to undermine an intervention

10

behavioral contrast

the tendency for a reinforced behavior to occur less often in situations in which it has not been reinforced