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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (68)
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1

Meninges

Dura mater
Arachnoid membrane
Pia mater

2

CNS support and protection

Skull
Meninges
Subarachnoid space

3

Two _____ and two _____ supply blood to the brain.

carotid arteries
vertebral arteries

4

The carotid and vertebral arteries connect at the base of the brain and branch off into the _____, _____ and _____ cerebral arteries.

anterior
middle
posterior

5

The anterior cerebral artery supplies blood to the _____ and _____ lobes.

frontal
parietal

6

The middle cerebral artery supplies blood to the _____ lobe.

temporal

7

The posterior cerebral artery supplies blood to the _____ lobe.

occipital

8

Sensory neurons include _____ and _____ neurons.

bipolar
somatosensory

9

Types of neurons (3):

Sensory neurons
Interneuron
Motor neuron

10

Interneurons associate _____ and _____ activity in the CNS.

sensory
motor

11

Interneurons include _____, _____ and _____.

Stellate cell (thalamus)
Pyramidal cell (cortex)
Purkinje cell (cerebellum)

12

Types of glial cells (5):

Ependymal
Astrocyte
Microglial
Oligodendroglial
Schwann

13

Reticular matter is composed of _____.

Gray and White matter

14

A ventricle is a _____.

hollow pocket within the brain filled with CSF.

15

There are _____ ventricles.

4

16

There are two _____ ventricles.

lateral

17

The third and fourth ventricles extend into the _____ and _____.

brainstem
spinal cord

18

Regions of the brainstem (3):

Hindbrain
Midbrain
Diencephalon

19

The hindbrain inclues the _____, _____, _____, and _____.

pons
reticular formation
medulla
cerebellum

20

The midbrain includes the _____, _____, _____, _____ and _____.

tectum
tegmentum
red nucleus
substania nigra
periacqueductal gray matter

21

The diencephalon includes the _____, _____ and _____.

hypothalamus
epithalamus
thalamus

22

The tectum gathers sensory input from the _____ and _____.

eyes
ears

23

The superior colliculi receives input from the _____.

eyes

24

The inferior colliculi receives input from the _____.

ears

25

Colliculi mediate orientation of _____ to _____.

movement
sensory input

26

The three main structures of the forebrain are the _____, _____ and _____.

basal ganglia
limbic system
cerebral cortex

27

The basal ganglia is comprised of the _____, _____ and _____.

putamen
caudate
globus pallidus

28

Diseases of the basal ganglia include _____, _____ and _____.

Huntington's Chorea
Parkinson's Disease
Tourette's Syndrome

29

Huntington's Chorea is a _____ that results in cell death in the _____ and _____.

genetic disorder
basal ganglia
involuntary movements

30

Parkinson's Disease is the result of the death of the _____, leading to _____ and _____.

projection from the substantia nigra to the basal ganglia
tremors
rigid movement