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Influence of American Revolution on France

Seeing that America was able to gain independence, France also tried

1

Ancient Regime (who is in each estate)

1st estate: the church
2nd estate: upper class
3rd estate: middle and lower class

2

Estates

The social structure of France

3

Bourgeoisie

The middle class

4

Deficit spending

To spend more money than you make

5

Louis XVI

Ruled from 1715 to 1774, was considered a weak king and talked badly of

6

Estates-General

Meeting where representatives of each estate came together

7

Tennis Court Oath

Third estate swore to always meet until they have the right representation

8

Storming of the Bastille

Peasants attacked prison in hopes of finding weapons

9

Deceleration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

First document modeled after Declaration of Independence, didn't give rights to woman

10

Robespierre

Leader of the Committee of Public Safety

11

Reign of Terror

Time where many people were killed for being against the revolution

12

Guillotine

Machine used to decapitate people, symbol of terror

13

Directory

Group of five men that held control during Reign of Terror

14

Napoleon's rise to power

The directory hoped that Napoleon would help them but he ended taking control of France

15

Plebiscite

Popular vote by ballot

16

Napoleonic Code

Held Enlightenment ideas such equality of citizens, religious toleration, and abolition of feudalism

17

Nationalism

Strong pride in ones country

18

Continental System

Napoleon closed ports to British goods

19

Guerrilla warfare

Hit-and-Run raids

20

Scorched-Earth policy

When Russia burned everything while retreating

21

Abdicate

To step down from power

22

Congress of Vienna

Restored peace to Europe and split the land that Napoleon had taken to its original country

23

Concert of Europe

Meeting where leaders of Europe meet to discuss problems

24

Legitimacy

Restoring monarchs back to power