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1

another word for pulmonary ventilation

breathing

2

external respiration

O2 and CO2 exchange between the lungs and the blood

3

Internal respiration

O2 and CO2 exchange between systemic blood vessels and tissues

4

major organs of the respiratory system

Nose, nasal cavity, and paranasal sinuses
Pharynx
Larynx
Trachea
Bronchi and their branches
Lungs and alveoli

5

Conducting zone structures

Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchi carry to gas exchange sites

6

Respiratory zone

site of gas exchange, i.e, respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoli

7

lower airways

all structures below the larynx

8

External nose structures

root, bridge, dorsum nasi, and apex

9

Philtrum

a shallow vertical groove inferior to the apex

10

Olfactory mucosa location

lines the superior nasal cavity

11

3 parts of the Pharynx

Nasopharynx
Oropharynx
Laryngopharynx

12

3 parts of the Pharynx

Nasopharynx
Oropharynx
Laryngopharynx

13

another word for the voice box

larynx

14

2 big cartilages of the larynx

cricoid cartilage
Thyroid cartilage

15

first part of the respiratory zone

respiratory bronchioles

16

what type of tissue is the epiglottis made of?

elastic cartilage

17

term for lung collapse

atelectasis

18

diameter of brochioles

less than 1mm in diameter

19

pulmonary ventilation - R

moving air in and out of the lungs

20

what divides the nasal cavity?

the nasal septum

21

bones that make up the roof of the nasal cavity

ethmoid and sphenoid bones

22

functions of the paranasal sinuses

Lighten the skull
Help warm air
Moisten the inspired air
Act as resonating chambers for speech

23

functions of the Larynx

voice box
allows for air to continue down into the trachea
routes food down the esophagus toward the stomach

24

cartilage that makes up the larynx

hyaline cartilage

25

function of the epiglottis

to close the entry into the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from getting into the trachea

26

name for the last tracheal cartilage

carina

27

how many orders of branching do the bronchi undergo?

23

28

how many lobes does the right lung have?

3

29

Respiratory membrane

microscopic structure allowing the diffusion of gases

30

which type of alveolar cell produces surfactant

type 2