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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Test Deck (59)
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1

About how many people are being added to the global population each year?

82 million

2

Where is the most growth occurring?

LDCs like the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia

3

What countries have more males then females and why? What does it cause to happen?

China, the Middle East, and India.
It's because males are preferred over females in their society and they abort girls. This imbalance causes women to be kidnapped and the economy will collapse because in their society women don't work

4

When did the global NIR peak and when?

2.2 in 1963

5

How can we understand how population is distributed?

By looking at concentration and density

6

How is the number of people in a country usually determined?

A census

7

What is a cartogram?

It displays the world's population. It depicts the sizes of countries according to population instead of land area

8

Where does 2/3 of the world's population live?

South Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Europe

9

Where do most Chinese people live and work?

They live in rural areas and work as farmers

10

Where do most Koreans and Japanese live?

They live in urban areas and work industrial or service jobs

11

What countries are in East Asia?

China, Japan, Taiwan, and the Korean Peninsula

12

What countries are in South Asia?

India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka

13

Where is the majority of South Asia's population concentrated?

Along the plains of the Indus & Ganges rivers and along India's 2 coastlines

14

Where do most people in South Asia live and what kinds of jobs do they have?

They live in rural areas and are farmers

15

What countries are in Europe?

48 countries are in Europe, including Russia

16

Where do most people in Europe live?

They live in cities

17

Where are the highest concentrations of people in Europe?

Along major rivers, the coalfields of Germany and Belgium, and big cities like London and Paris

18

What countries are in Southeast Asia?

Small islands between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. These islands include Indonesia (which is the world's 4th most populous country) and the Island of Java (a very highly concentrated country)

19

What are some sparsely populated regions? What are they called?

Dry lands, wet lands, cold lands, and high lands. They are called non-ecumene (not populated by permanent settlement)

20

What is Arithmetic Density? Why isn't it a good measurement?

It's the total number of people divided by the total land area. It isn't a good measurement because some land in a country isn't habitable.

21

What is Physiological Density? Is it good to have a high number?

It's the number of people divided by the amount of arable land. It is bad to have a high number because that means the land can't support the citizen's needs (ex: food)

22

What is Agricultural Density? Is it good to have a high number?

It's the total number of farmers per unit of arable land. It is bad to have a high number because that means that the country is undeveloped and doesn't have any machines to help with the work.

23

What are the components of population growth?

CBR, CDR, and NIR.

24

How do you calculate the NIR?

CBR-CDR = NIR

25

What is the world NIR at?

1.2%

26

What does the NIR affect?

It affects the doubling time, also known as the time it takes for a population to double while assuming a flat rate of natural increase

27

What is a TFR? What is the world's TFR?

It's the amount of kids the average women can expect to have during her childbearing years. The global TFR is 2.5

28

What is unusual about the CDR? Why?

The CDR doesn't follow a familiar pattern, the CDR can actually be lower in developing countries than in developed countries. This is because each country is in its own stage of the epidemiological transition, and has its own causes of death

29

What the population pyramid? Which ones have a higher TFR?

A population pyramid measures age and gender. The ones with larger bases have higher TFRs and ones with smaller bases have lower TFRs

30

What is the dependency ratio? What does a large dependency ratio do to a population?

It's the number of people under 15 and over 65 compared to the amount of working aged people. A higher dependency ratio creates a bigger financial burden on the working aged generation