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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Part 2 Deck (10)
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Managers are needed to:

Organize large groups
Work with employees
Make good decisions


Father of scientific management
Developed time study to determine what could be considered a fair day's work

Frederick W. Taylor


Thorough study and testing of different work methods to identify the most efficient way to complete a job

Scientific management


Timing how long it takes good workers to complete each part of their jobs

Time study


Develop a science for each element of a man’s work, which replaces the old rule-of-thumb method

Taylor’s first Principle


Scientifically select and then train, teach, and develop the workman, whereas in the past, he chose his own work and trained himself as best
he could

Taylor’s second Principle


Heartily cooperate with the men so as to ensure all of the work being done is in accordance with the principles of the science that has been

Taylor’s third Principle


There is an almost equal division of the work and the responsibility between the management and the workmen. The management take over all the work for which they are better fitted than the workmen, while in the past, almost all of the work and the greater part of the responsibility were thrown upon the men

Taylor’s fourth Principle


Employed motion study to simplify work and improve productivity

Frank and Lillian Gilbreth


Breaking each task or job into its separate motions and then eliminating those that are unnecessary or repetitive

Motion study