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To Freud, mental life is divided into two levels:

The unconscious and the conscious

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The unconscious has two different levels:

The unconscious proper and the preconscious

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All of those drives, urges, or instincts that are beyond our awareness but that nevertheless motivate most of our words, feelings, and actions

The unconscious

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The blocking out of anxiety filled experiences

Repression

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Inherited experiences that lie beyond an individuals personal experience

Phylogenetic endowment

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Contains images that are not in awareness but that can become conscious either quite easily or with some level of difficulty

The preconscious

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Those mental elements in awareness at any given point in time. It is the only level of mental life directly available to us

Consciousness

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The medium for the perception of external stimuli, in other words, what we perceive through our sense organs

Perceptual conscious system

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Conscious idea stem from two areas:

The perception of external or stimuli (our perceptual conscious system) and from the preconscious a (within the mental structure) after they have evaded censorship

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Freud conceptualized three regions of the mind:

The ID, the ego, and the super ego

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The ego cuts across the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious components. What about the super ego and ID?

The super ego is both pretty conscious and unconscious and the ID is completely unconscious

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The part of the mind which is completely unconscious, serves the pleasure principle, and contains our basic instincts

The ID

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The ID operates through the:

Primary process. It survival is dependent on the development of a secondary process to bring it into contact with the external world. This secondary process functions through the ego.

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The only region of the mind in contact with reality. It becomes a person sole source of communication with the external world.

The ego or secondary process

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The ego is governed by this principal and is responsible for reconciling the unrealistic demands of the ID and the super ego

The reality principle

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Represents the moral and ideal aspects of personality and is guided by the moralistic and idealistic principles. It has no contact with the outside world.

The superego

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The superego has two subsystems:

The conscience and the ego-ideal

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Results from experiences with punishments for improper behavior and tells us what we should not do

The conscience

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Develops from experiences with rewards for proper behavior and tells us what we should do

The ego-ideal

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Those forces that motivate people

Dynamics of personality

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Freud grouped all human drives urges under two primary instincts:

Sex and aggression

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Every basic drive is characterized by four things:

An impetus, a source, an aim, and an object

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According to Freud this is the amount of force a drive exerts

It's impetus

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According to Freud this is the region of the body in a state of excitation or tension by a drive

It's source

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According to Freud, a drive's ______ is to seek pleasure by removing that excitation or reducing the tension

Aim

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According to Freud, a drive's _____ is the person or thing that serves as the means through which the aim is satisfied

Object

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Areas capable of producing sexual pleasure, for instance, the genitals, mouth, and anus

Erogenous zones

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The aim of the sexual instinct is

Pleasure, which can be gained through the erogenous zones

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The object of the sexual instinct is any person or thing that brings sexual

Pleasure

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Infants are primarily self-centered, with their libido invested almost exclusively on their own ego. This condition, which is universal, is known as

Primary narcissism, or self-centeredness