Chapter 2-Deep Learning Flashcards Preview

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What 3 theorists have made defining contributions to experiential and developmental education.

John Dewey, Lawrence Kohlberg, and David Kolb.


Surface learning is defined as

acceptance of information and memorization of isolated and unlinked facts.


What is another name for deep processing?

Semantic processing


What does deep processing lead to?

(1) understanding and (2) long-term retention of ideas so that they can be used for problem solving in unfamiliar contexts.


Five activities that lead to deep learning. #1

making connections between concepts taught and personal experiences


Five activities that lead to deep learning 2

reflecting on how concrete specifics might indicate abstract patterns


Five activities that lead to deep learning 3

applying ideas taught in class to real-world situations


Five activities that lead to deep learning 4

connecting what one is learning to what one has learned previously


Five activities that lead to deep learning 5

discussing ideas with others while keeping oneself open to enlarging one’s ideas based on encountering others’ ideas


Dominant transmission model of education

An authority passes on information to passive learner-receivers, who are supposed to somehow absorb knowledge.


Another term for dominant transmission model

Banking deposit model of teaching


What are 3 Dewey annotations about learning?

The difference between reception and activity
The need for learner interest and effort as conditions for powerful learning
A description of two levels of experience, one relatively superficial and one deeper


What are 2 other Dewey annotations about learning?

a five-step process for experiential teaching and learning
Dewey’s ideas on the ultimate purposes of education


RE: Dewey, what is Reception Versus Activity in Learning?

Utilizing activity in pedagogy
Engaging learners in confronting problems, posing hypotheses, and taking action based on reasoning.


What did Dewey mean by interest and effort?

Interest: the learner’s curiosity is triggered.
Effort: the tension between means and ends in action.


What did Dewey propose about Interest?

educators instigate students’ interest by helping them identify “for-whats,” or goals for learning,


What did Dewey propose about Effort?

students only learn when they become mentally engaged in solving problems
Students engage when they see how THEY can benefit


For Dewey, experience operates on what two levels?

Primary experience
Reflection on the meaning of the experience


What experiences do students need for deep processing or meaning making?

Secondary experiences of reflection and hypothesis testing


RE: Dewey, what 5 conditions outline the secondary experiences?

(1) indeterminate situations, (2) intellectualization, (3) working hypothesis, (4) reasoning, and (5) action.


What does Dewey mean by Indeterminate Situation?

One in which routine responses are not adequate.


During the reflection of an indeterminate situation, what must students reflect (or pause) on?

They examine the conditions, the resources available, obstacles to action, and ways to overcome these obstacles.


What does Dewey mean by Intellectualization?

Construct a mental representation of the problem
Ponder the situation in a thoughtful way, rather than responding from habit


What does Dewey mean by Working Hypothesis?

Pause further to study the conditions of the situation
Form a working hypothesis


What does Dewey mean by Reasoning?

Thought experiments-test working hypotheses in light of the knowledge available.


What does Dewey mean by Action?

Student does not intellectualize but takes action to help resolve the issue.


RE: Dewey, what is the purpose of education based on his two levels?

Proximate or immediate


RE: Dewey, what is the purpose of the proximate learning?

To apply thinking and skills to real-world problems.
EX: counselors’ performance, test interpretation or applying ethics


RE: Dewey, what is the purpose of the ultimate learning?

Promote social good


What two ultimate purposes for education was Dewey concerned about?

(1) preparing citizens to be critical thinkers in a democracy and (2) encouraging learners to promote good for all citizens.