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Flashcards in Chapter 2- Concepts of Construction Deck (143)
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121

A girder that ties wall columns together in a framed building

Spandrel girder

122

An open web design used for the support of floors and roofs.

Steel joist

123

The capacity of a member or framework to resist imposed loads without excessive deflection.

Stiffness

124

The actual percentage of elongation (deformation) when a material is stressed. It is measured in fractions of an inch of deformation per inch of original length of the material.

Strain

125

Force per unit area that produces a deformation.

Stress

126

A masonry unit laid horizontally with its length in the direction of the face of the wall.

Stretcher

127

A bracing Column.

Strut

128

A simple beam, with one or both ends suspended on a tension member such as a chain, cable, or rod.

Suspended beam

129

A hanging load supported from above.

Suspended load

130

A pulling or stretching force in line with the axis of the body; the opposite of compression.

Tension

131

The tensile connecting members of a truss web.

Tie

132

A rod in tension; used to hold parts of a structure together.

Tie rod

133

The measurable turning force applied to a structural member.

Torque

134

A force tending to twist a structural member.

Torsion

135

A beam that typically carries a load around a large opening or over an area in order to avoid intervening columns.

Transfer beam

136

The manner in which a load is spread from the point of application to the ground.

Transmission

137

Externally braced structure.

Tube construction

138

The highest load that a member or structure can sustain before failure occurs.

Ultimate strength

139

A rectangular truss with very rigid corner bracing.

Vierendeel truss

140

A wedge shaped block whose converging sides radiate from a center, forming an element of an arch or vaulted ceiling.

Voussoir

141

The group of struts, ties, and panel points in a truss.

Web

142

Cast in place concrete that unites the rods projecting from the precast sections.

Wet joint

143

A single continuous vertical wall of masonry units (one masonry unit in thickness).

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