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Flashcards in Chapter 2- Concepts of Construction Deck (143)
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61

A structural member that transmits a compressive force along a straight path in the direction of the member.

Column

62

Built up of different parts, pieces, or materials.

Composite

63

A wall composed of two or more masonry materials that react together under load.

Composite wall

64

Direct pushing force, in line with the axis member; the opposite of tension.

Compression

65

A load acting on a very small area of the structure's surface; the exact opposite of a distributed load.

Concentrated load

66

A beam supported at three or more points.

Continuous beam

67

Any wall at right angles to any other wall; the walls should brace one another.

Cross wall

68

No external braces involved; bracing is done within the core of the structure.

Core construction

69

The weight of the building itself and any equipment permanently attached to it or built in.

Dead load

70

The deformation or displacement of a structural member as a result of loads acting on it.

Deflection

71

Wall bounding a tenant space.

Demising wall

72

A floor designed to stiffen a building against wind and other lateral loads such as earthquakes.

Diaphragm floor

73

A force that is perpendicular to the plane section but does not pass through the center of the section.

Eccentric load

74

The end of a joist that is cut at an angle to permit the joist to fall out of a wall without damaging the load bearing wall.

Fire cut

75

The potential fuel available for a fire in a building.

Fire load

76

The ability of a material to avoid ignition, combustion, and the thermal effects of fire.

Fire resistance

77

Wall with a fire resistive rating and structural stability that separates buildings or subdivides a building to prevent the spread of fire.

Fire wall

78

Beam supported at two points and rigidly held in position at both points.

Fixed beam

79

Made by sandwiching a piece of steel between two wooden beams.

Flitch plate girder

80

The lower division of a building that serves to transmit and anchor the loads from the superstructure directly to its earth or rock, usually below ground level.

Foundation

81

Another name for a gusset plate in a lightweight wood truss.

Gang nail

82

A beam that supports other beams.

Girder

83

A connection that depends on the weight of the building to hold it in place.

Gravity connection

84

All of the structural elements of a building and the connections that support and transfer the loads.

Gravity resistance system

85

A series of closely spaced beams designed to carry a particularly heavy load.

Grillage

86

A masonry unit that overlaps two or more adjoining wythes of masonry to tie them together.

Header

87

The rate at which the potential heat in a fuel is released.

Heat release rate (HRR)

88

When describing wall construction, a wall that acts as one unit.

Homogeneous

89

The effect of a moving load upon a stationary structure.

Impact load

90

A truss incorporating a single compression member; it is inverted because the compression member extends downward.

Inverted king post truss