Flashcards in Chapter 2- Concepts of Construction Deck (143)
A structural member that transmits a compressive force along a straight path in the direction of the member.
Built up of different parts, pieces, or materials.
A wall composed of two or more masonry materials that react together under load.
Direct pushing force, in line with the axis member; the opposite of tension.
A load acting on a very small area of the structure's surface; the exact opposite of a distributed load.
A beam supported at three or more points.
Any wall at right angles to any other wall; the walls should brace one another.
No external braces involved; bracing is done within the core of the structure.
The weight of the building itself and any equipment permanently attached to it or built in.
The deformation or displacement of a structural member as a result of loads acting on it.
Wall bounding a tenant space.
A floor designed to stiffen a building against wind and other lateral loads such as earthquakes.
A force that is perpendicular to the plane section but does not pass through the center of the section.
The end of a joist that is cut at an angle to permit the joist to fall out of a wall without damaging the load bearing wall.
The potential fuel available for a fire in a building.
The ability of a material to avoid ignition, combustion, and the thermal effects of fire.
Wall with a fire resistive rating and structural stability that separates buildings or subdivides a building to prevent the spread of fire.
Beam supported at two points and rigidly held in position at both points.
Made by sandwiching a piece of steel between two wooden beams.
Flitch plate girder
The lower division of a building that serves to transmit and anchor the loads from the superstructure directly to its earth or rock, usually below ground level.
Another name for a gusset plate in a lightweight wood truss.
A beam that supports other beams.
A connection that depends on the weight of the building to hold it in place.
All of the structural elements of a building and the connections that support and transfer the loads.
Gravity resistance system
A series of closely spaced beams designed to carry a particularly heavy load.
A masonry unit that overlaps two or more adjoining wythes of masonry to tie them together.
The rate at which the potential heat in a fuel is released.
Heat release rate (HRR)
When describing wall construction, a wall that acts as one unit.
The effect of a moving load upon a stationary structure.