Chapter 2: Concepts of Construction Flashcards Preview

Building Construction > Chapter 2: Concepts of Construction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2: Concepts of Construction Deck (65)
Loading flashcards...
1

The wall the typically has the highest fire rating and is the strongest within the building is a:
A. load-bearing wall
B. fire wall
C. curtain wall
D. panel wall

B. fire wall

2

The type of connection that allows the weight of the building to hold them in place is a:
A. wet joint
B. gusset connection
C. gravity connection
D. grillage

C. gravity connection

3

There are numerous types of beams; the type tht is supported at three or more points is a /an ________ beam.
A. continuous
B. cantilever
C. simple
D. overhanging

A. continuous

4

The line along a beam that does not change is the _______ or plane.
A. vertical axis
B. horizontal axis
C. stiffness axis
D. neutral axis

D. neutral axis

5

The most effective shape for a column is one that:
A. distributes the material equally around the axis as far as possible from the center of the cylinder
B. distributes the material equally around the axis as close as possible to the center of the cylinder.
C. distributes the material equally around the axis as far as possible from the edge of the cylinder
D. distributes the material equally around the axis as close as possible to the edge of the cylinder..

A. distributes the material equally around the axis as far as possible from the center of the cylinder

6

A structural member that transmits a compressive force along a straight path in the direction of the member is called a:
A. column
B. beam
C. floor joist
D. strut

A. column

7

The __________ of a beam is the result of force exerted by a beam on a support.
A. load
B. reaction
C. release rate
D. compression

B. reaction

8

A _________ wall acts as one unit.
A. homogenous
B. stable
C. voussoir
D. ledgered

A. homogenous

9

Steel heated to 1000 degrees F elongates __________ per 100 feet of length.
A. 7 inches
B. 8 inches
C. 9 inches
D. 10 inches

C. 9 inches

10

Which of the following are commonly used in heavy timber buildings?
A. Lightweight trusses
B. Fire-cut joists
C. Curtain walls
D. Self-releasing floors

D. Self-releasing floors

11

FILL IN THE BLANK
A/An __________ is made by sandwiching a piece of steel between two wooden beams.

Glitch plate girder

12

FILL IN THE BLANK
The combination of two different materials in a floor is called a/an ________ floor.

composite

13

FILL IN THE BLANK
Externally braced buildings are known as ___________.

tube construction

14

FILL IN THE BLANK
The rate of available energy released is the ____________.

heat release rate

15

FILL IN THE BLANK
When changes are made in the foundation of an existing wall, it may e necessary to insert a/an ___________.

needle beam

16

FILL IN THE BLANK
A/An _________ is probably the oldest structural member.

beam

17

FILL IN THE BLANK
Struts or rakers are other names for _______ columns.

nonvertical

18

FILL IN THE BLANK
A/An ___________ beam moves loads laterally when it is not convenient to arrange columns in an ideal way.

transfer

19

FILL IN THE BLANK
It is important to know how loads are _________ from the point of application to the ground.

transmitted

20

FILL IN THE BLANK
Some steel buildings have connections that redirect overloads to other sections of the building; this is known as a/an ________ design.

plastic

21

TRUE OR FALSE
Vierendeel trusses are square trusses with weak corner bracings

False

22

TRUE OR FALSE
An axial load is a force that passes through the centroid of the section under consideration.

True

23

TRUE OR FALSE
The best way to rate a building component is based on its ultimate strength.

False

24

TRUE OR FALSE
Prefire plans should note the estimated fire load.

True

25

TRUE OR FALSE
A typical sofa has a peak HRR of 1500 kW.

False

26

TRUE OR FALSE
A steel beam resting on a masonry wall is an example of a concentrated load.

True

27

TRUE OR FALSE
Suspended loads depend on interior columns of support.

False

28

TRUE OR FALSE
The universal spacing for sawn wooden beams in ordinary construction is 12 inches.

False

29

TRUE OR FALSE
A theater marquee is an example of a cantilever beam.

False
(Suspended Beam)

30

TRUE OR FALSE
Steel beams are typically I-shaped.

True