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Enlightenment

Period of time where new ideas were brought up

1

Natural law

Laws that already exist within nature

2

Thomas Hobbes

Believed that people cannot be trusted and wanted an absolute monarch

3

Social Contract

An agreement where people gave their freedom to be part of an organized society

4

Natural rights

Rights that belong to people from birth

5

Philosphe

Enlightenment thinkers who implemented their ideas into types of governments

6

Montesquieu

Believed that the powers of government should be split into three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial

7

Voltaire

Fought for political and religious freedom

8

Diderot

Wrote the encyclopedia

9

Mary Wollstonecraft

Fought for women's rights during the Enlightenment

10

Rousseau

Believed that people are naturally good but needed minimal control

11

Physiocrat

Enlightenment thinkers who based their thoughts on natural laws

12

Adam Smith

Argued in favor of the Laissez-faire policy

13

Laissez-faire

Policy where government cannot interfere with production

14

Censorship

The loss of freedom of speech

15

Salons

Secret meeting where Enlightenment thinkers exchange their ideas

16

Enlightenment despots

Rulers that began to implement Enlightenment ideas

17

Thomas Jefferson

Wrote the Declaration of Independence

18

Declaration of Independence

Document that includes John Locke's ideas to protect people natural rights

19

Popular Sovereignty

States that the governments power comes from the people

20

United States Bill of Rights

The first ten amendments to the constitution