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Binomial nomenclature

In taxonomy the convention established by carols Linnaeus whereby genus an species names are used to refer to living things (ex. Homo sapiens for humans)

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Natural selection

The most critical mechanism of evolutionary hangs described by Charles Darwin, refers to genetic change in the frequencies of certain traits in pop. due to differential reproductive success between individuals

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Reproductive success

The number of offspring an individual produces and rears to reproductive age, or an individuals contribution to the next generation

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Catastrophism

The view that the earths geological landscape is the result of violent cataclysmic events

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Reproductively isolated

Pertaining to groups of organisms that are prevented from mating and producing offspring with members of other such groups(for ex. Cats can't mate with dogs)

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Christian fundamentalists

Adherents to a movement in American Protestantism that began in the early 20 th century. Holds that the teachings of the bible are infallible and should be taken literally

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Selective pressures

Forces in the environment this influence reproductive success in individuals

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Fertility

The ability to conceive and produce healthy offspring

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Taxonomy

The branch of science concerned with the rules of classifying organisms on the basis of evolutionary relationships

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Fixity of species

The notion that species once created can never change is diametrically opposed to theories of biological evolution

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Uniformitarianism

The theory that the earths feautres are the result of Long term processes that continue to operate in the present just as they did in the past. (Oppose to Catastrophism)

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Genome

The entire genetic makeup of an individual or species

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Fitness

Pertaining to natural selection, a measure of the relative reproductive success of individuals. Can be measured by an indi. Genetic contribution to the next generation in comparison to anothers