Flashcards in Chapter 19-Teaching Family Counseling Deck (25)
How can counselor educators usebest practices in the field of family counseling with students?
Create opportunities for students to:
1. interact with best practices in family counseling,
2. try on new behaviors
3. Discard old myths about families
What thoughts do students often bring to family counseling class about families.
1. There are normal families, then the rest.
2. Thoughts about how families “should” be
How can instructors help students move beyond entrenched perspectives about families?
1. Students encounter family norms and values that genuinely challenge ways of knowing about family
2. Their understandings of families are never “true” or final
3. Are contextual, shaped by social class, gender, history, ethnicity, and culture.
RE: families, social interactions and economic factors have affected:
1. Definition, structure, and functioning of the family
2. How the life cycle of the family may progress
3. Issues that may bring families to counseling
With the unique and diverse needs of families now, what can help counterbalance the challenges that bring them to family counseling?
1. Paying attention to the diversity
2. Helping them identify their unique resources
To achieve the necessary qualities of challenge and support in family counseling instruction, family counseling can be grounded in what principles ?
3. Cognitive developmental
In teaching family counseling, what does principles of constructivist teaching call for?
1. Abandonment of socially stereotyped definitions of family
2. Definitions shaped by family’s unique social history and context
3. Attentiveness to diversity in all aspects of family understanding, assessment, and intervention.
4. Cognitive developmental framework promoting students’ abilities to formulate counseling intervention with unique family culture
The evolution of marriage and family therapy is seen in the postmodern approaches, such as:
1. solution-focused and solution-oriented
2. narrative therapies
3. Therapist moves from being an expert to collaborator, participant, and observer-engages client/family in deconstructing the story of their lives
What do these postmodern therapy models focus on for the therapist and for therapy?
1. Therapist does not have solution, gives client opportunity to define what would be helpful, what solution to seek, and how to co-create solutions in therapy.
2. Focus on strengths
3. Look at social issues that define meaning people give to problems
How can counselor educators encourage the development of multicultural counseling competence?
1. Students’ awareness of personal biases
2. Seek knowledge about families’ unique cultural compositions
3. Integrate family counseling models to increase cultural relevance of counseling
To accomplish multicultural competence aims, the course emphasizes:
1. Dialogue among students and:
A. Other students
B. Their family members
C. The instructor.
2. Culturally focused reflective journaling
3. Family history genograms
4. Texts that expose students to influence of ethnic values on family life
The instructor meets students’ efforts toward cultural competence with:
1. Supportive guidance
3. Individualized feedback
RE: family counseling, a positive relationship exists between:
1. Counselor’s level of cognitive development and ability to comprehend complex family dynamics
2. Higher levels, greater ability to “read and flex,” more accurately assess client needs and choose appropriate interventions
What are 3 assumptions that drive development-oriented education?
1. Process of accommodation and assimilation
2. The notion of hierarchy
3. The idea of mismatch
Describe the first assumption: process of accommodation and assimilation.
1. Learner initially attempts to assimilate the experience into existing cognitive structures.
2. When structures prove insufficient, learner creates new meaning-making structures that accommodate for new experience.
3. Disparity results in anxiety or disequilibrium, provides drive for cognitive growth.
Describe the second assumption: the notion of hierarchy.
1. Cognitive development occurs in hierarchical and sequential stages
2. Reflect qualitative advances in learner’s capacity for processing and making meaning of complex experiences
Describe the third assumption for cognitive development: the idea of mismatch.
For cognitive development to occur, must be “constructive mismatch” between learner’s current stage of cognitive development and educational intervention with developmental intentions
DPE provides what five necessary learning conditions to trigger development?
1. Qualitatively significant new perspective-taking experience
2. Guided reflection
3. Balance between experience and opportunity for reflection on that experience
4. Instructor challenge and support
5. Assurance of continuity
What does research suggest is the optimal time for developmental interventions?
Weekly interventions for 6 months to a year
In the family counseling course, experiential activities encourage students to:
1. Personalize experience
2. Engage in self-reflection
3. Make meaning of what helps families function better
Assignments recommended for the family counseling course:
2. family story paper
3. family role play
4. case study paper
Drawing from tenets of Murray Bowen’s family counseling model, what should the genogram contain?
1. At least three generations of the students’ family histories.
2. Include a written reflection on:
A. relationship patterns
F. cultural elements
The genogram assignment serves what 4 purposes?
1. Gain greater understandings about the family patterns
2. Promote multicultural counseling competence
3. Gain greater self-awareness.
4. Increase cultural sensitivity
How do case studies help students in family counseling course?
Initial opportunity to integrate family counseling theory with individual client needs.