Chapter 19- Kelly: Pysychology Of Personal Constructs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19- Kelly: Pysychology Of Personal Constructs Deck (31)
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1

Kelly believed that people's ways of interpreting and explaining events, hold the key to predicting their behavior. He called this a person's ______ ______

Personal constructs

2

Kelly believed that people generally attempt to solve everyday problems in much the same fashion as do ______; that is, they observe, ask questions, formulate hypotheses, infer conclusions, and predict future events

Scientists

3

Kelly believed that because scientists are people, their pronouncements should be regarded with the same ________ as any other data

Skepticism

4

Kelly believed that all our interpretations of the world are subject to revision or replacement, an assumption he called:

Constructive alternativism.

Because people can construe their world from different angles, observations that are valid at one time may be false at a later time

5

Kelly believed that people look at their world through templates that they create and then attempt to fit over the realities of the world. He called these templates, or transparent patterns, ______ ______ which he believed shape behavior

Personal constructs

6

According to Kelly, this assumes that a person's behavior is shaped by the way they anticipate the future

The basic postulate

7

According to Kelly, this supporting corollary states that although no two events are exactly alike, we can construe similar events as if they were the same

Construction corollary

8

According to Kelly, this supporting corollary states that because people have different experiences, they can construe the same event in different ways

The individuality corollary

9

According to Kelly, this corollary assumes that people organize their personal constructs in a hierarchical system, with some constructs in a superordinate position and others subordinate to them

The organizational corollary

10

According to Kelly, this corollary assumes that people construe events in an either/or matter, for example good or bad

The dichotomy corollary

11

According to Kelly, this corollary assumes that people tend to choose the alternative in a dichotomized construct that they see as extending the range of their future choices

The choice corollary

12

According to Kelly, this corollary states that constructs are limited to a particular range of convenience; that is, they are not relevant to all situations

The range corollary

13

According to Kelly, this corollary suggests that people continually revise their personal constructs as the result of their experiences

The experience corollary

14

According to Kelly, this corollary assumes that only permeable constructs lead to change; concrete constructs resist modification through experience

The modulation corollary

15

According to Kelly, this corollary states that people's behavior can be inconsistent because their construct systems can readily admit incompatible elements

The fragmentation corollary

16

According to Kelly, this corollary suggests that our personal constructs tend to be similar to the construction systems of other people to the extent that we share experiences with them

The commonality corollary

17

According to Kelly, this corollary states that people are able to communicate with other people because they can construe those peoples constructions

The sociality corollary

18

Kelly introduced this concept with his sociality corollary which refers to a pattern of behavior that results from a person's understanding of the constructs of others.

Role

Each of us has a core role and numerous peripheral roles. A core role gives us a sense of identity whereas peripheral roles are less central to our self-concept

19

Kelly believed that unhealthy people are like incompetent ______ who test unreasonable hypotheses, reject or distort legitimate results, and refuse to amend outdated theories

Scientists

20

According to Kelly, this abnormal development happens when people perceive that the stability of their basic constructs is likely to be shaken. It is the awareness of imminent comprehensive change in one's core structures

Threat

21

According to Kelly, this abnormal development requires an incidental rather than a comprehensive, restructuring of one's construct system

Fear

22

According to Kelly, this abnormal development is defined as the recognition that the events with which one is confronted light outside the range of convenience of one's construct system. The recognition that one cannot adequately deal with a new situation

Anxiety

23

According to Kelly, this consequence of abnormal development is defined as the sense of having lost one's core role structure

Guilt

24

Kelly insisted that clients should set their own goals for therapy and that they should be active participants in the therapeutic process. He sometimes used a procedure called _____-____ ______, in which clients act out a predetermined role for several weeks. By playing the part of the psychologically healthy person, clients may discover previously hidden aspects of themselves

Fixed-role therapy

25

According to Kelly, the purpose of this test is to discover ways in which clients construe significant people in their lives

The Rep test or the role construct repertory test

Clients place names of people they know on a repertory grid in order to identify both similarities and differences among these people

26

Research on gender as a personal constructs sparked by Kelly's theory has found that the less information someone has about a person, the more likely they will use _______ gender schemas to evaluate that person. Which means that participants who used these in perceiving strangers tended to have limited perceptions of other people

Stereotypic

27

Research on understanding internalize prejudice through personal construct theory sparked by Kelly has found that Kelly's concepts of threat and guilt showed that these play distinct roles in internalized prejudice. Kelly's idea that individuals remove themselves from threatening constructs was verified as threat scores in the sample were associated with _____ preference for gay or lesbian sexual orientation. In keeping with Kelly's idea that guilt is spelled when individuals perceive undesirable aspects within the self, these gay and lesbian participants who had high guilt were more ________ of gay and lesbian identity

Lower, denigrating

28

Kelly's theory rates high in two areas, average on one, and low in three other areas

Hi on parsimony and internal consistency. Average on its ability to generate research. Low on its ability to be falsified, to guide the practitioner, and to organize knowledge

29

According to Kelly, this concept suggests that people increase their range of future choices by the present choices they freely make

Elaborative choice

30

In what four areas of the concept of humanity does Kelly's theory rate high on and which one does a rate average on

High on teleology, free choice, optimism, conscious influences, and uniqueness of the individual. Average on social influences