Chapter 18 - Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 - Unit 4 Deck (18)
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1

Cognition - def

operation of the mind that includes the mental faculty of knowing, perceiving, recognizing, conceiving, judging, reasoning and imagining."

2

Delirium - def

It is quick onset confusion. There is disturbance in attention and such.

3

Delirium - always secondary to..

another medical condition.

4

Dementia - def

This is like delirium, but it is slow acting.

5

Primary Dementia vs. Secondary Dementia

Primary has no known cause or cure. Secondary has a cause.

6

Is mild neurocognitive disorder bad?

No - it's pretty benign. Could just be forgetting more things as you get older!

7

Illusions - def

errors in perception of sensory stimuli. Like, instead of thinking the cord of a window blind is a cord, they think it is a snake.

8

Hallucinations - def

false sensory stimuli.

9

What is hypervigilance?

This is when a patient is wired and might be excessively scanning the room and such!

10

Confabulation - def

the making up of stories or answers to maintain self-esteem when the person does not remember.

11

What is perseveration?

The repetition of phrases or behaviors.

12

Aphasia - def

loss of language ability.

13

Apraxia - def

loss of purposeful movement in the absence of motor or sensory impairment.

14

Agnosia - loss of sensory ability to recognize objects. T/F?

True!

15

What happens in stage 1 of Alzheimer's Disease?

The loss of intellectual ability is insidious. They lose energy, drive, initiative and have difficulty learning new things.

16

What happens in stage 2 of Alzheimer's?

They become confused. Deterioration is happening rapidly. The mood also becomes labile.

17

What happens in stage 3 of Alzheimer's?

They can't identify familiar people/surroundings. The world is frightening. They might wander, become a danger to self or others, become incontinent, etc.

18

What happens in late stage alzheimer's?

Agraphia (inability to read or write), hyperorality (the need to take, chew, and put everything in one's mouth) and hypermetamorphosis (touching everything in sight) are present.