Flashcards in Chapter 18 - Unit 4 Deck (18)
Cognition - def
operation of the mind that includes the mental faculty of knowing, perceiving, recognizing, conceiving, judging, reasoning and imagining."
Delirium - def
It is quick onset confusion. There is disturbance in attention and such.
Delirium - always secondary to..
another medical condition.
Dementia - def
This is like delirium, but it is slow acting.
Primary Dementia vs. Secondary Dementia
Primary has no known cause or cure. Secondary has a cause.
Is mild neurocognitive disorder bad?
No - it's pretty benign. Could just be forgetting more things as you get older!
Illusions - def
errors in perception of sensory stimuli. Like, instead of thinking the cord of a window blind is a cord, they think it is a snake.
Hallucinations - def
false sensory stimuli.
What is hypervigilance?
This is when a patient is wired and might be excessively scanning the room and such!
Confabulation - def
the making up of stories or answers to maintain self-esteem when the person does not remember.
What is perseveration?
The repetition of phrases or behaviors.
Aphasia - def
loss of language ability.
Apraxia - def
loss of purposeful movement in the absence of motor or sensory impairment.
Agnosia - loss of sensory ability to recognize objects. T/F?
What happens in stage 1 of Alzheimer's Disease?
The loss of intellectual ability is insidious. They lose energy, drive, initiative and have difficulty learning new things.
What happens in stage 2 of Alzheimer's?
They become confused. Deterioration is happening rapidly. The mood also becomes labile.
What happens in stage 3 of Alzheimer's?
They can't identify familiar people/surroundings. The world is frightening. They might wander, become a danger to self or others, become incontinent, etc.