Chapter 18 & 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 & 19 Deck (66)
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1

A dense and hard type of connective tissue including long, short, flat and irregular

Bone

2

Body mechanics

Kinesiology

3

A place of union of two or more bones in the body

Joint

4

Correct anatomical position

Alignment

5

Small fluid-like sacs that provide cushion at friction points in freely movable joints

Bursae

6

Striated muscles that are made of bundles of muscle fibers surrounded by a connective tissue sheath

Skeletal muscles

7

Cords of fibrous connective tissue that connect a muscle to a bone

Tendons

8

Connect bones or cartilage to provide support and strength

Ligaments

9

Fibrous connective tissue that acts as a cushion

Cartilage

10

To turn or change directions with your feet while remaining in a fixed place

Pivot

11

Ulcers that form from local interference with circulation

Pressure ulcers

12

Resistance to stretch in a damaged muscle

Contractures

13

Local death of tissue from disease or injury

Necrosis

14

Applied force that causes downward and forward pressure on the tissues beneath the skin

Shearing force

15

To walk

Ambulate

16

Style of walking

Gait

17

Position resting on back

Supine

18

60-90 degree position

Fowler

19

30-45 degree angle of lying

Semi-Fowler position

20

Position lying on side

Side-lying

21

Variation of side-lying positions used for rectal procedures

Sims

22

Position with patient lying face down

Prone

23

Turning a patient as a single unto while maintaining straight body alignment

Logrolling

24

Sitting on side of bed with legs and feet over the side

Dangling

25

Proper care of skin, hair, teeth and nails to promote good health

Hygiene

26

system that contains the skin, hair, nails and sweat and sebaceous glands

Integumentary

27

Outer thick layer of skin

Epidermis

28

The main determinant of skin color

Melanin

29

Inner, thinner layer of skin

Dermis

30

Gland within skin that secrets oil substances

Sebaceous