Flashcards in Chapter 16-Dilutive Securities and Earnings per Share Deck (26)
Securities which upon conversion or exercise increase earnings per share (or reduce the loss per share).
Book value approach
A method used for determining the issue price of stock when bonds are converted into stock which records the stock issued using the book value of the bonds at the issue date.
Complex capital structure
When a corporation’s capital structure includes securities that could have a dilutive effect on earnings per common share.
A security that combines the benefits of a bond with the privilege of exchanging it for stock at the holder’s option.
Convertible preferred stock
Preferred stock which is convertible into common stock at the holder’s option.
Detachable stock warrants
Warrants that can be sold separately from their bonds.
Diluted earnings per share
Earnings per share based on the number of common shares outstanding plus all contingent issuances of common stock that could reduce earnings per share.
Securities that are not common stock in form, but enable their holders to obtain common stock upon exercise or conversion. Examples include convertible bonds, convertible preferred stocks, stock warrants, and contingent shares.
Earnings per share
The income earned by each share of common stock.
The date someone receives stock options.
The method used to measure the dilutive effect of convertible securities which assumes (1) the conversion of the convertible securities at the beginning of the period (or at the time of issuance of the security, if issued during the period), and (2) the elimination of interest, net of tax or preferred dividend.
When an issuer wishes to induce prompt conversion of its convertible debt to equity securities, the issuer may offer some form of additional consideration (such as cash or common stock).
Market value approach
A method used for determining the issue price of stock when bonds are converted into stock which records the stock issued using its market price at the issue date.
The first date on which are known both (1) the number of shares that an individual employee is entitled to receive and (2) the option or purchase price.
Nondetachable stock warrants
Warrants that cannot be sold separately from their bonds.
Restricted stock plans
Stock plans that transfer shares of stock to employees, subject to an agreement that the shares cannot be sold, transferred or pledged until vesting occurs.
The period in which the employee performs the service for which he or she is being compensated.
Simple capital structure
When a corporation’s capital structure consists only of common stock or includes no potentially dilutive convertible securities, options, warrants, or other rights that upon conversion or exercise could in the aggregate dilute earnings per common share.
Stock appreciation rights (SARs)
Similar to a stock option plan except executives do not have to purchase the stock but instead are given a right to receive the excess of the market price of the stock at the date of exercise over a pre-established price.
A warrant which gives selected employees the option to purchase common stock at a given price over an extended period of time.
Stock option plans
Long-term compensation plans which attempt to develop in executives a strong loyalty toward the company by giving them an equity interest based on changes in long-term measures such as increases in earnings per share, revenues, stock price, or market share.
Existing stockholders have the right (preemptive privilege) to purchase newly issued shares in proportion to their holdings.
Certificates entitling the holder to acquire shares of stock at a certain price within a stated period.
The additional consideration offered by an issuer that wishes to set up an induced conversion.
Treasury stock method
The method used to measure the dilutive effect of options and warrants which assumes (1) the options or warrants are exercised at the beginning of the year (or date of issue if later), and (2) the proceeds from the exercise of options and warrants are used to purchase common stock for the treasury.