Chapter 16 & 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 & 17 Deck (18)
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1

Protein particles that cause neurological problems mad cow disease

Prions

2

One cell microscopic organisms belonging to the animal kingdom. Malaria and diarrhea

Protozoa

3

Small round or rod shape microorganisms that are transmitted by the bites of life, ticks, fleas the acts as vectors

Rickettsia

4

Tiny organism in plant kingdom that contain not chlorophyll. In humans called mycoses. Ex: thrush, yeast infection

Fungi

5

Parasitic worms or flukes belonging to the animal kingdom

Helminths

6

What is the order of the chain of infection

Children Run Pass Mothers Playing Soccer
Causative agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transfer, portal of entry, susceptible host

7

What is an example of the first line of defense how does it work

Intact skin; barrier, secrete sweat lactic acids and fatty acids

8

What's the body second line of defense

Fever, leukocytosis, phagocytosis, inflammation

9

What's the third line of defense

The immune response

10

Naturally acquired immunity

When the body form natural antibodies

11

Passive acquired immunity

Antitoxin or antiserum

12

When the fetus receives antibodies from the mother

Naturally acquired passive immunity

13

Injections or immunizations/vaccines

Artificially acquired immunity

14

When the organism enters the body until the onset of symptoms

Incubation period

15

High infectious stage the patient may feel malaise

Prodromal period

16

Localized and specific symptoms begin to occur leukocytosis begins to occur

Illness period

17

The symptoms begin to fade and patient returns to normal health

Convalescent period

18

Singe fled microorganism lacking a nucleus that reproduce every few minutes up to several weeks

Bacteria