Chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (28)
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1

Perception

The process through which people receive, organize and interpret information from environment

2

Attribution

The process of developing explanations for events

3

Attribution Error

Occurs when observers blame another's performance failures or problems on internal factors rather than external factors

4

Halo Effect

Occurs when one attribute is used to develop an overall Positive Impression of a person or situation

5

Horn Effect

Occurs when on attribute is used to develop and overall Negative Impression of a person or situation

6

Gender Stereotyping

Occurs when attributes commonly associated with gender are assigned to an individual
(EX: All women are emotional)

7

Selective Perception

The tendency to define problems form one's own point of view

8

What does MBTI stand for?

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

9

Carl Jung/Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

Personality assessment to understand how people act or feel in various situations

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4 MBTI Dimensions

1) Extraversion/Introversion
2) Sensation/Intuition
3) Thinking/Feeling
4) Judging/Perceiving

11

Extravertion/Introversion

How we relate to others

12

Sensation/Intuition

How we gather information

13

Thinking/Feeling

How we evaluate information

14

Judging/Percieving

How we react to the outside world

15

Big 5 Personality Dimensions

1) Extroversion
2) Agreeableness
3) Conscientiousness
4) Emotional Stability
5) Openness to Experience

16

Extroversion

Being outgoing, sociable, and assertive

17

Agreeableness

Being good-nature, cooperative, and trusting

18

Conscientiousness

Being responsible, dependable, and careful

19

Emotional Stability

Being relaxed, secure, and unworried

20

Openness to Experience

Being curious, receptive to new ideas, and imaginative.
(Open to Change)

21

Stress

State of tension caused by extraordinary demands, constraints, or opportunities

22

Stressors

Anything that causes stress

23

What can Stressors Influence?

Attitudes, emotions/moods, behavior, job performance, and health

24

3 Types of Stressors (originate)

1) Work
2) Nonwork
3) Personality

25

Work Stressor Examples

Excessively high or low task demand, role conflicts, and poor interpersonal relationships

26

Nonwork Stressor Examples

Family events, economics, personal affairs.

27

Personality Stressor Example

Type A personality which are more competitive, highly organized, ambitious, highly aware of time management and/or aggressive

28

Spill-over Effect

Stress built up in one part of life spills over in other parts.
(If stressed at work, it will show at home)