Chapter 14: Eysenck's Biologically Based Factor Tveory Flashcards Preview

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Eysenck listed for criteria for identifying a factor:

1) personality factors must be based on strong psychometric evidence
2) must fit an acceptable genetic model. Must possess heritability
3) must make sense theoretically
4) must possess social relevance


Eysenck recognize a four-level hierarchy of behavior organization:

1) specific behaviors or cognitions
2) habitual acts or cognitions
3) traits, or personal dispositions
4) types or super factors. He concentrated on this fourth level. A type is made up of several interrelated treats


What are Eysenck's three personality dimensions,?

Extraversion E, neuroticism N, and psychoticism P


Eysenck. These type of people are characterized by sociability, impulsiveness, jocularity, liveliness, optimism, and quick-wittidness



Eysenck. These type of people are quiet, passive, unsociable, careful, reserved, thoughtful, pessimistic, peaceful, sober, and controlled



Eysenck believed that the principal difference between extroverts and introverts is one of ______ ______ level

Cortical arousal


Eysenck. These type of people have such traits as anxiety, hysteria, and obsessive-compulsive disorders. They frequently have a tendency to over react emotionally and you have difficulty returning to a normal state after emotional arousal

People high in neuroticism


Eysenck. These people indicate anxiety, hysteria, egocentric schism, nonconformance, aggression, impulsiveness, hostility, and obsessive-compulsive disorders

People high on psychoticism. Both normal and abnormal individuals may score high on the neuroticism scale


Eysenck excepted this model of psychiatric illness, which suggests that some people are vulnerable to illness because they have either a genetic or an acquired weakness that predisposes them to an illness. This predisposition may interact with stress to produce a neurotic disorder

The diathesis-stress model


Eysenck developed for personality inventories to measure super factors, or types. The two most frequently used my current researchers is:

The Eysenck personality inventory which measures only E and N and the Eysenck personality questionnaire which measures all three factors


Eysenck Believe that all three personality factors have a powerful biological component, and he cited as evidence the existence of these three types in a wide variety of ______ and _______

Cultures and languages


Eysenck 's complex model of personality suggests that the psychometric traits of psychoticism, extroversion, and neuroticism can combine with one another and with genetic determinants, biological intermediates, and experimental studies to ______ a variety of social behaviors, including those that contribute to disease



Eysenck research to the relationship between personality factors and diseased and found that:

People with a helpless/hopeless attitude are more likely to die from cancer, whereas people who react to frustration with anger and emotional arousal are much more likely to die from cardiovascular disease


Eysenck theory has generated a considerable amount of research. A substantial amount of research has shown physiological differences between extroverts and introverts. One study found that Extraverts may move faster, but they do not _____ faster than introverts

Think. They also found that introverts work best with lower levels of sensory stimulation and extroverts with higher levels


What three areas does Eysenck theory rate high on, and which three areas does it rate average on?

Hi on parsimony, ability to generate research, and useless in organizing data. Average on falsifiability, usefulness to the practitioner, and internal consistency


Eysenck, on the concept of humanity, the Theory rates high in two areas, low on one, average on another, and it does not address two areas

High on a biological influences and the uniqueness of individuals. Low on social factors. Average unconscious versus unconscious influences. The concept the free choice, optimism versus pessimism, and causality versus teleology are not clearly addressed


This person used factor analysis to identify treats, that is, relatively permanent dispositions of people and extracted only three general factors which yielded three general bipolar types: extraversion/introversion, neuroticism\stability, and psychotic schism\superego

Hans Eysenck