Chapter 13: Power and Politics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13: Power and Politics Deck (15)
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1

power

the capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that B acts in accordance with A's wishes

2

dependence

B's relationship to A when A possesses something that B requires

3

coercive power

a power base that depends on fear of the negative results from failing to comply

4

reward power

compliance achieved based on the ability to distribute rewards that others view as valuable

5

legitimate power

the power a person receives as a result of his or her position in the formal hierarchy of the organization

6

expert power

influence based on special skills or knowledge

7

referent power

Influence based on identification with a person who has desirable resources or personal traits

8

the most important aspect of power is that it is a function of dependence

its dependent on nonsutainabiity, scarcity, and importance

9

power tactics

ways in which individuals translate power bases into specific actions

10

political skill

the ability to influence others so that one's objectives are attained

11

sexual harassment

any unwanted acitivity of a sexual nature that affects an individual's employment and creates a hostile work environment

12

political behavior

activities that are not required as part of a person's formal role in the organization but that influence, or attempt to influence, the distribution of advantages and disadvantages within the organization

13

zero sum approach

an approach that treats the reward "pie" as fixed so that any gains by one idividual are at the expense of another

14

defensive behaviors

reactive and protective behaviors to avoid action, blame, or change

15

impression management

the process by which individuals attempt to control the impressions that others form of them

conformity, favors, excuses, apologies, self promotion, and enhancement