Chapter 13- Mcrae And Costa's Five-Factor Trait Theory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13- Mcrae And Costa's Five-Factor Trait Theory Deck (44)
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1

Using this method of gathering data, you begin with no preconceived bias concerning the number or name of traits or types

Inductive method. This is a method used by Mccrae and Costa

2

With this method of gathering data, you would have preconceived hypotheses in mind before beginning to collect data

Deductive method

3

Raymond _______ was a pioneer of factor analysis and used factor analysis to identify a large number of treats, including personality traits. Included and personality traits for temperament traits, which are concerned with how a person behaves. Temperament traits include both normal and abnormal treats. Patel's multifaceted approach yielded __ treats. __ characterize the normal population and __ Measure the pathological dimension

Cattell, 35, 23, 12

4

This is a mathematical procedure for reducing a large number of scores to a few more general variables or factors. Mccrae and Costa

Factor analysis

5

This is a measure of which variables are related to other variables and to what extent

Correlation coefficient

6

Correlations of the original, specific scores with the factors are called: Macrae and Costa

Factor loadings

7

Traits generated through factor analysis may be either unipolar or bipolar. ______ traits are scaled from zero to some large amount, in contrast, _______ traits extend from one pole to an opposite pole, with zero representing a midpoint

Unipolar, bipolar

8

Four factors to have psychological meaning, the analyst must _____ the axis on which the scores are plotted.

Rotate

9

This method was advocated by Cattell and assumes some positive or negative correlation and refers to an angle of less than or more than 90°

The oblique method

10

Advocates of the five factor theory favor this rotation where rotated axes are at right angles to each other

The orthogonal rotation

11

Earlier in their studies, McCray and cost that were building elaborate taxonomies of personality traits, as with many other factor theorists, they quickly discovered three traits:
They later found two more factors:

Extroversion E, neuroticism N, and openness to experience O
Agreeableness A, and conscientiousness C

12

The five factors have been found across a variety of ______ and using a number of ________. In addition, they show some permanence with ___

Cultures, languages, age

13

McCray and Costa found that personality traits are basically ______, with some people scoring high on one factor and low on its counterpart

Bipolar

14

According to Mccraine Costa, people who score high on __ tend to be anxious, temperamental, self-pitying, self-conscious, emotional, and vulnerable to stress related disorders. People with low scores on __ tend to have opposite characteristics

N- neuroticism

15

According to Macrae and Costa, people who score high on __ tend to be affectionate, jovial, talkative, a joiner, and fun loving, whereas low __ scorers tend to have opposing traits

E- extraversion

16

According to Macrae and Costa, high __ scorers prefer variety in their life and are contrasted to low __ scores to have a need for closure and to gain comfort in their association with familiar people and things

O- openness

17

According to Macrae and Costa, people who score high on __ tend to be trusting, generous, yielding, accepted, and good-natured. Low __ scorers are generally suspicious, stingy, unfriendly, irritable, and critical of other people

A- agreeableness

18

According to Macrae and Costa, people high on this scale tend to be ordered, controlled, organized, and dishes, achievement focused, and self disciplined

C- conscientiousness

19

McCray and Costa predict behavior through an understanding of three central or core components and three peripheral ones. The three core components include:

Basic tendencies, characteristic adaptations, and self-concept

20

According to Macrae and Costa, these are the universal raw material of personality. Include cognitive capabilities, artistic talent, sexual orientation, and the psychological processes underlying acquisition of language

Basic tendencies.

21

According to Mccrae and Costa these are acquired personality structures that develop as people adapt to their environment. Includes acquired skills, habits, attitudes, and relationships that results from the interaction of individuals with their environment

Characteristic adaptations

22

According to Mccrae and Costa this refers to knowledge and attitudes about oneself and includes knowledge, views, and evaluations of the self. The beliefs, attitudes, and feelings one has towards oneself

Self-concept

23

The three peripheral components of personality according to McCray and Costa are:

Biological basis, objective biography, and external influences

24

According to Macrae and Costa, these are the sole cause of basic tendencies and includes genes, hormones, and brain structures

Biological bases

25

According to Macrae and Costa, this is everything a person does or thinks over a lifetime

Objective biography

26

According to Macrae and pasta, how we respond to the opportunities and demands of the context is called. College, views, and evaluations of the self

External influences. Behavior is a function of the interaction between characteristic adaptations and external influences

27

According to Macrae and Costa, the two most important core postulates are :

Basic tendencies and characteristic adaptations

28

According to Macrae and Costa, basic tendencies have four postulates:

Individuality, origin, development, and structure.

29

According to McCrane Costa, this postulate stipulates that every adult has a unique pattern of treats

Individuality postulate

30

According to McCrane Costa, this postulate assumes that all personality traits originate solely from biological factors

Origin postulate