Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

Biological Psy. > Chapter 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (69)
Loading flashcards...
1

pairing 2 stimuli changes the response to one of them

classical condition

2

classical condition

Ivan Pavlov

3

classical condition

Ivan Pavlov

4

start by presenting; initially elicits no special response (e.g., sound from metronome)

Conditioned stimulus (CS)

5

then present; Automatically elicits an Unconditioned response (e.g., meat elicits salvation in dog)

Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)

6

After several pairings of the CS and UCS, the dog begins making a new, learned response to the CS

Conditioned Response (CR)

7

After several pairings of the CS and UCS, the dog begins making a new, learned response to the CS

Conditioned Response (CR)

8

B.F. Skinner

Operant Conditioning

9

any event that increases the future probability of the response

reinforcer

10

an event that suppresses the frequency of the response

punishment

11

learning that occurs as result of observing the experiences of others

observational learning

12

the natural tendency to imitate the behaviors of significant others

modeling

13

phenomenon in which one avoids a certain food b/c it once made the person ill

conditioned taste aversion

14

phenomenon in which one avoids a certain food b/c it once made the person ill

conditioned taste aversion

15

Pavlov's proposal

classical conditioning reflects a strengthened connection between a CS center and a UCS center in the brain

16

the physical representation of what has been learned (e.g., a connection between 2 brain areas)

Engram

17

all parts of cortex contribute equally to learning, and any part of cortex can substitute for any other

equipotentiality

18

the cortex works as a whole, and more cortex is better

mass action

19

the cortex works as a whole, and more cortex is better

mass action

20

looked for the engram in the cerebellum, not the cerebral cortex

thompson and colleagues

21

distinguished between short-term memory and long-term memory

Hebb

22

memory for events that just occurred

Short-term memory

23

memory for events from further back

long-term memory

24

requires responding to something you saw or heard a short while ago

delayed response task

25

alternative to short term memory

Working memory

26

memory loss

amnesia

27

inability to form memories for events that happened after brain damage

anterograde amnesia

28

loss of memory for events that occurred before brain damage

retrograde amnesia

29

underwent surgery in 1953 for epileptic seizures- hippocampus removed from both hemispheres

H.M. (Henry Molaison)

30

underwent surgery in 1953 for epileptic seizures- hippocampus removed from both hemispheres

H.M. (Henry Molaison)