Chapter 12-Teaching Social And Cultural Issues in Counseling Flashcards Preview

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Describe micro-objectives

(a) define key concepts such as social justice, social diversity, culture, gender, oppression, privilege, hegemony, ideology, and politics
(b) describe the values associated with social justice advocacy
(c) identify or demonstrate competence in implementing specific social justice advocacy interventions


Describe 2 macro-objectives

helping students:
a) uncover hidden curricula
b) develop a critical political consciousness


Describe: Helping students uncover hidden curricula.

Any implicit social messages that are communicated through course content and structure
Examine power relationships through:
1. unspoken power differentials within the classroom setting
2. implicit values in counseling texts and standards of practice.


What is an example of an implicit value in several counseling theories and practice

1. Individualism
2. Part of psychodynamic, existential-humanistic, cognitive, and behavioral theories
3. Reinforces oppressive societal structures, problems within the individual, rather than challenging social issues that preceded the mental health concern


Describe: Developing a critical, political consciousness.

1. Helping students become aware of relationship between mental health and overall social order
2. Does not mean stressing political content
3. Group method of discussing and analyzing the nature and social origins of personal problems
4. Help students identify issues that impact human suffering in their communities.


What four topics should be addressed in teaching social justice?

1. Social stratification
2. Increasing awareness of privilege and oppression
3. Attitudes-awareness of personal bias
4. Social justice advocacy-learning how to take action to address inequity


Describe and define ethnicity.

1. Recognition by both the members of a group and others-shared geographic origins, memories of an historical past, cultural heritage, religious affiliation, language or dialect, and/or tribal affiliation. 2. Ethnicity is both self-defined and other-defined.


When teaching about ethnicity, four major concepts should be explored:

1. Enculturation
2. Acculturation
3. Salience
4. optional ethnicity


What are some activities for students to further learning about ethnicity?

1. Reading about their own ethnicity
2. Ethnic Self-Awareness activity is


Regarding race, how do people tend to categorize themselves?

Physical and visible characteristics such as skin color, hair texture, shape of nose, and eye color.


What do James Baldwin and W. E. B. Dubois, believed about the concept of race?

Created by opportunist White European/American elites, used to deny property, power, and status to non-White groups for more than four centuries.


Personalizing race and making it a discussable topic may be enhanced by:

1. Asking students to engage in racial identity awareness activities, including plotting the stage theories of racial identity.


What is the final topic of teaching race and ethnicity in the multicultural counseling course?

Teaching about specific ethnic groups WITHOUT stereotyping.
1. Teach:
A. the history of each group in the United States
B. their major cultural values and characteristics
C. guidelines for counseling members of these groups



“Social” groups: social class, gender, sexual orientation, religion, and disability.


How can the instructor teacher about Social Class?

1. Social class self-assessment activity
2. Students discover hidden class rules that guide their and others’ aspirations, expectations, and opportunities.


How can gender be taught in multicultural counseling course?

1. women’s and men’s socialization and biologies
2. potential effects of various sex combinations for counseling
3. feminist counseling approaches


How can the instructor teach about Sexual Orientation/Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Issues?

1. Students’ reflections on their attitudes and knowledge about LGBT issues


At least four topics need to be discussed in LGBT unit:

1. Gay identity development
2. Transgenderedness
3. Bisexuality
4. Particular counseling issues for LGBT


How can disability be taught in the multicultural counseling course?

1. Awareness-raising simulations and readings
2. Making distinctions between visible and invisible disabilities
3. Notion that all individuals are “temporarily abled.”


What terms should be discussed when teaching about disability?

Language used and how
Handicapped, disabled, differently abled, and challenged


Why is it important for counselors to have knowledge about religion and spirituality for counseling?

Because it can impact affect values, guilt, sexual behavior, and family roles and hierarchies


What specific topics might be discussed regarding religion and spirituality in counseling?

1. Helpful and harmful dimensions of faith
2. Introducing the ideas of religion of origin and religion of choice
3. stages of faith development
4. introduction to the basic tenets of the world’s religions
5. nonreligious beliefs, such as agnosticism and humanism


What are three groupings of culturally alert counseling practices?

1. accessibility
2. assessment
3. intervention


What skills can students learn through readings and demonstrations about culturally alert counseling?

1. Gaining trust
2. Discussing culture as it relates to the counseling process
3. Applying narrative theory
4. Diagnosing in a culturally alert way


What are 3 other activities for the multicultural counseling course?

1. Immersion experience with culturally different, unknown group (includes an interview)
2. Weekly discussion board
3. Each student leads a discussion about a particular cultural group


What are three themes emphasized in the multicultural counseling course?

1. All individuals are cultural
2. a concern for the pain that oppression causes many clients
3. a practical bent aimed at giving future counselors skills that they can use