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1

Why were manufacturers interested in overseas expansion?

They wanted access to natural resources such as rubber, palm oil, petroleum and manganese

2

Many Western leaders felt they needed colonies and a global empire to....

strengthen national security

3

What is a sphere of influence?

an area in which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading privileges

4

Which was NOT a factor that contributed to European imperialism in the 1800s?

Europe's depleted population

Contributing factors:
political and military motives
social darwinism
humanitarian and religious goals

5

Western critics of imperialism complained that...

colonialism was immoral

6

During the colonial times, what kind of rule did the French use?

direct rule

7

What did anti-imperialist argue about colonialism?

it was a tool of the rich

8

In the 1800s, empires in the Middle East, India, Africa, and China had...

grown weak and disorganized

9

This was NOT a economic force behind "New Imperialism"

New belief in the theory of natural selection to societies

10

Many Westerns felt their culture was

better than non-Western cultures

11

To avoid bloodshed, European leaders met at an international conference in 1884 to discuss the future of Africa. What was this conference called?

Berlin Conference

12

The best known explorer and missionary was Dr. David Livingstone. He opposed slavery and felt the only way to end the slave trade was to....

open up the interior of Africa to Christianity and trade.

13

What is another name for Islamic Law?

sharia

14

What country controlled much of northern and west-central Africa?

France

15

Because of horrifying reports of abuse in the Congo, King Leopold had to turn over control of his personal colony to....

the Belgian government

16

Which THREE African leaders resisted European imperialism?

Yaa Asantewaa, Nehanda, Samori Toure

17

Port cities on the eastern part of Africa carried on profitable trade. They shipped ivory and copper from Central Africa, but most often their cargo was...

slaves

18

The migration of several thousand Boer families to the north was called...

the Great Trek

19

Dr. Livingstone had not been heard of for many years. In 1871, who tracked him down and uttered the famous phrase, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

Henry Stanley

20

To help freed slave resettle in Africa, the British organized ___ and former slaves from the United States settled in ___

Sierra Leone, Liberia

21

How did Britain gain control of the Suez Canal?

It bought shares in the canal from Egypt

22

How were efforts to modernize problematic for the Ottoman Empire?

They led to population growth and conflict over foreign influence

23

Foreign interest in Persia increased after...

oil was discovered

24

Who emerged in the Ottoman Empire insisting the only way to save the empire was through reform?

Young Turks

25

Why did Russia and Britain compete for power in Persia?

To expand their sphere of influence and control oil

26

Which group became a victim of genocide by the Turks?

the Armenians

27

Choose all of the causes of the decay of the Muslim empires

a. central governments had lost control over powerful groups (Correct)
b. corruption was widespread (Correct)
c. resistance to the building of the Suez Canal
d. Muslim scholars and religious leaders were influencing the government (Correct)

28

Russia wanted to make a move in Ottoman territory to gain control of the Bosporous and the Dardanelles. What does controlling these two areas do for Russia?

It gives them access to the Mediterranean Sea

29

Who organized a company to build the Suez Canal?

Ferdinand de Lesseps

30

What force began to tear apart the Ottoman Empire in the 1800s?

nationalism