Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (29)
concerns the physiological and psychological processes underlying the initiation of behaviours that direct organisms toward specific goals
______ is the link between situation and behaviour
what are the two types of motives?
biological and social
what is the drive theory?
the biological trigger indicating we may be deprived of something so we should seek what we require
______ push people to act while ________ pull people to act
environmental stimuli sought out to reduce drives
the impact of stress on homeostasis
process that allow the body's physiological balance
how does hunger arise?
from activity in lower brain regions, psychological (cognitive) factors, and social factors
how do the regions of the hypothalamus influence hunger
lateral hypothalamus = hunger
ventromedial region = hunger off
when are the pleasure centers in the brain activated?
when the tongue's fat receptors are activated
how do blood glucose levels affect hunger?
low blood glucose = hunger
high blood glucose = hunger off
awareness of amount consumed can influence how much we eat
tendency to assume that the unit of sale or portioning is an appropriate amount to consume
foods that affect food choices just by being present among options
what are the social factors that cause us to eat more?
host encouraging eating more
more time spent at the table
what are the social factors that cause us to eat less?
managing impression others get of you (self conscious)
minimal eating norm (what is acceptable)
what is Maslow's theory of motivation
putting biological and social motives in one theory, essential needs must be met first
motivated to perform at a high level and accomplish significant goals
drawn toward enjoyable and pleasant incentives
goal to avoid unpleasant outcomes
need to self-determine, feel in control
master new challenges and perfect skills
need to have meaningful relationships with others
the degree to which we are in control of behaviours needed to achieve goals affects________________
achieving goals and attaining psychological well-being
greater autonomy, competence, and relatedness is associated with ________
motivation outside yourself (performance motivation)
extreme of extrinsic motivation, reflects no motivation to perform a behaviour