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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (29)
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1

motivation

concerns the physiological and psychological processes underlying the initiation of behaviours that direct organisms toward specific goals

2

______ is the link between situation and behaviour

motivation

3

what are the two types of motives?

biological and social

4

what is the drive theory?

the biological trigger indicating we may be deprived of something so we should seek what we require

5

______ push people to act while ________ pull people to act

drives
incentives

6

incentive

environmental stimuli sought out to reduce drives

7

allostasis

the impact of stress on homeostasis

8

homeostasis

process that allow the body's physiological balance

9

how does hunger arise?

from activity in lower brain regions, psychological (cognitive) factors, and social factors

10

how do the regions of the hypothalamus influence hunger

lateral hypothalamus = hunger
ventromedial region = hunger off

11

when are the pleasure centers in the brain activated?

when the tongue's fat receptors are activated

12

how do blood glucose levels affect hunger?

low blood glucose = hunger
high blood glucose = hunger off

13

attention

awareness of amount consumed can influence how much we eat

14

unit bias

tendency to assume that the unit of sale or portioning is an appropriate amount to consume

15

trigger foods

foods that affect food choices just by being present among options

16

what are the social factors that cause us to eat more?

host encouraging eating more
more time spent at the table

17

what are the social factors that cause us to eat less?

managing impression others get of you (self conscious)
minimal eating norm (what is acceptable)

18

what is Maslow's theory of motivation

putting biological and social motives in one theory, essential needs must be met first

19

achievement motive

motivated to perform at a high level and accomplish significant goals

20

approach goals

drawn toward enjoyable and pleasant incentives

21

avoidance goals

goal to avoid unpleasant outcomes

22

autonomy

need to self-determine, feel in control

23

competency

master new challenges and perfect skills

24

relatedness

need to have meaningful relationships with others

25

the degree to which we are in control of behaviours needed to achieve goals affects________________

achieving goals and attaining psychological well-being

26

greater autonomy, competence, and relatedness is associated with ________

benefits

27

extrinsic motivation

motivation outside yourself (performance motivation)

28

amotivation

extreme of extrinsic motivation, reflects no motivation to perform a behaviour

29

intrinsic motivation

motivation from inside yourself (mastery motivation)