Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (78)
Britain was a ______with a parliament and 2 political parties
House of Lords (hereditary nobles and high ranking clergy) could ____bills passed by the House of Commons
_______and________could not vote or serve in Parliament
Catholics, non-Anglican Protestants
Able to elect a representative to Parliament, few people over wide spread of land (votes based on land not population)
By 1830 the_____and the _____were battling over a bill to reform Parliament
Middle class and business interests, led by Gladstone
nobles, landowners, agricultural, led by Disraeli
-Redistributed the House of Commons (eliminated rotten boroughs)
-Enlarged the electorate (property requirement for voting though)
-However, this still did not bring full democracy
Great Reform Act of 1832
-longest reign in British history
-British middle class and working class felt confident in the future
-Emperor of India
-Agreed with lower class's push for social reform
The reform bill didn't help____or____
rural, urban workers
Chartists (protesters) drew up the _______, a petition that demanded universal male suffrage, as well as a secret ballot
How many times was the People's Charter submitted?
Twice with 1M signatures
In 1848, the third attempt was planned with a march and the government feared____so they suppressed the march and the movement declined
Even though the government suppressed the movement...
they passed most of the major reforms
Leader of the Tories that was now known as the Conservative Party
Leader of the Whigs that was known as the Liberal Party
Both alternated between....
______pushed through the reform bill of 1867 (gave the right to vote to working class men_
_____extended suffrage to farm workers and most other men
Britain changed from a constitutional monarchy to a.....
parliamentary monarchy (executive leaders are chosen and responsible to Parliament as well as members of it)
Many bills passed by the House of Commons were turned down by the....
House of Lords
Because of this, a Liberal government passed measures to restrict power including the power to____
_________refused to eat and was force fed
Lady Constance Lytton
trade between countries without government involvement
The government taxed_____to protect local economies
Created laissez-faire (larger markets and open competition)
High tariffs on imported grains (farmers and wealthy landowners supported this)
Repealed in Parliament after...
widespread crop fails in Europe, but were placed again in the 1800's
Enlightenment thinkers realized the evil of...
slavery (British ships carried the most slaves to the US)