Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

Modern World History > Chapter 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (78)
Loading flashcards...
1

Britain was a ______with a parliament and 2 political parties

Constitutional monarchy

2

House of Lords (hereditary nobles and high ranking clergy) could ____bills passed by the House of Commons

veto

3

_______and________could not vote or serve in Parliament

Catholics, non-Anglican Protestants

4

Able to elect a representative to Parliament, few people over wide spread of land (votes based on land not population)

Rotten boroughs

5

By 1830 the_____and the _____were battling over a bill to reform Parliament

Whigs, Tories

6

Whig Party

Middle class and business interests, led by Gladstone

7

Tory Party

nobles, landowners, agricultural, led by Disraeli

8

-Redistributed the House of Commons (eliminated rotten boroughs)
-Enlarged the electorate (property requirement for voting though)
-However, this still did not bring full democracy

Great Reform Act of 1832

9

-longest reign in British history
-embodied values
-British middle class and working class felt confident in the future
-Emperor of India
-Agreed with lower class's push for social reform

Queen Victoria

10

The reform bill didn't help____or____

rural, urban workers

11

Chartists (protesters) drew up the _______, a petition that demanded universal male suffrage, as well as a secret ballot

People's Charter

12

How many times was the People's Charter submitted?

Twice with 1M signatures

13

In 1848, the third attempt was planned with a march and the government feared____so they suppressed the march and the movement declined

violence

14

Even though the government suppressed the movement...

they passed most of the major reforms

15

Benjamin Disraeli

Leader of the Tories that was now known as the Conservative Party

16

William Gladstone

Leader of the Whigs that was known as the Liberal Party

17

Both alternated between....

Prime Minister

18

______pushed through the reform bill of 1867 (gave the right to vote to working class men_

Disraeli

19

_____extended suffrage to farm workers and most other men

Gladstone

20

Britain changed from a constitutional monarchy to a.....

parliamentary monarchy (executive leaders are chosen and responsible to Parliament as well as members of it)

21

Many bills passed by the House of Commons were turned down by the....

House of Lords

22

Because of this, a Liberal government passed measures to restrict power including the power to____

veto

23

_________refused to eat and was force fed

Lady Constance Lytton

24

free trade

trade between countries without government involvement

25

The government taxed_____to protect local economies

foreign imports

26

Created laissez-faire (larger markets and open competition)

Adam Smith

27

Corn Laws

High tariffs on imported grains (farmers and wealthy landowners supported this)

28

Repealed in Parliament after...

widespread crop fails in Europe, but were placed again in the 1800's

29

Enlightenment thinkers realized the evil of...

slavery (British ships carried the most slaves to the US)

30

First European country to abolish slavery

Britain (condemned at first until being banned in 1833)