Chapter 10 - Unit 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Unit 2 Deck (23)
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1

Eustress - def

Beneficial stress - it motivates people to develop the skills they need to solve problems and meet personal goals.

2

Distress - def

This is a negative experience that can drain our energy.

3

The stress response - also referred to as the __ or __ response.

Flight or fight.

4

When a threat appear imminent, the ___ receives information from almost all parts of the brain, including the limbic system (emotional brain) and the amygdala (the component of the limbic system that contributes to emotional processing).

Hypothalamus.

5

As the initial rush of epinephrine subsides, the hypothalamus stimulates the ___ ___.

HPA Axis.

6

If stress is prolonged, what is released?

Corticotropin-releasing hormone.

7

What are some stress-reduction techniques?

Meditation, physical activity and social support.

8

PTSD - occurs in people who have experienced....

a highly traumatic event.

9

The common element in all PTSD experiences is the individual's extraordinary helplessness or powerlessness in the fact of such stressors. T/F?

True!

10

What are some short term effects of the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Cortex? (Cortisol, etc.) - ?

Fluid loss, increased glucose levels, decreased inflammation, decreased brain NE

11

What are some short-term effects of the Sympathetic-Arenal Medulla? (E, Ne, etc)

Increased HR, Incresed RR, increased Triglycerides, decreased kidney clearance, etc.

12

What are some long-term chronic effects of the Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Cortex?

Immune system compromise, atherosclerosis, depression, HTN, obesity, etc.

13

What are some long term effects of the Sympathetic-Arenal Medulla? (E, Ne, etc)

High resting HR, heart disease, reactive high BP ,high cholesterol, digestive problems, etc.

14

People with PTSD face a lot of repercussions, like -

Marital problems, unemployment, heavy substance abuse and suicide.

15

PTSD - size of the hippocampus is actually ____.

Reduced.

16

PTSD symptoms often begin with a few ____ after the trauma, but a delay is possible.

Months.

17

PTSD Survivors benefit from receiving treatments for PTSD within months after the event - if they don't receive help until much later, natural recovery is highly unlikely. T/F?

True! :(

18

It's important for healthcare works to realize that exposure to stimuli reminiscent of those associated with the original trauma may cause an exacerbation of the trauma. T/F?

True!

19

Flashbacks - def

These are dissociative reactions in which the individual feels or acts as if the traumatic event were recurring.

20

Symptoms of PTSD include :

Flashbacks, dreams/nightmares that re-enact the event, emotional blunting, hyperarousal, negative alterations in mood and cognition, derealization( familiar surroundings seem unreal), and depersonalization (seeing self as in a dream)

21

Acute Stress Disorder - def

Same kind of triggers as PTSD. However, this goes away within a month.

22

Compassion fatigue - what is it?

When people (particularly healthcare workers) are burnt-out and traumatized by things they have seen. It's also known as Secondary Traumatic Stress

23

What are some symptoms of Secondary Traumatic Stress/Compassion Fatigue?

Increased negative arousal, intrusive thoughts/images of another's critical experience, difficulty separating work from personal life, lowered frustration tolerance, anger, depression, ineffective/bad coping, hypervigilance, loss of hope, decreased self-esteem, etc.