Chapter 10 - 18 Flashcards Preview

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0

What are the five Pillars of Islam?

Fasting, Prayer, Almsgiving, Hajj, and the Testimony of Faith

1

Who was Muhammad?

the founder of Islam, according to Islam: the final prophet of Allah

2

Describe Sunni (one of the subsections of Islam)?

followers of Islam

3

Who rebelled against the Umayyads, Sunni or Shi'a?

Shi'a

4

Describe the Shi'a (one of the subsections of Islam) ?

"the party of Ali" , believed that the caliph should be a descendant of Muhammad

5

What is Mecca

The most important city for the Islam faith; the birthplace of Muhammad

6

What is a Muslim

someone who belongs to the faith of Islam

7

What does "Muslim" mean in Arabic?

"one who has submitted"

8

What is Islam

the nation of muslims; the religion founded by Muhammad

9

What does "Islam" mean in Arabic?

"submission to the will of Allah"

10

What are the similarities between Islam to Judaism and Christianity?

When Muslims conquered lands with Christians and Jews, they treated them with respect; Muslims believe that they all worship the same god : Allah

11

Who are the Abbasids?

leaders in control of the Islamic community

12

Who came first, the Umayyads or Abbasids?

Umayyads

13

Where did the Abbasids move the capital of Islam to?

Baghdad

14

Who were the Umayyads?

a group that controlled the Islamic community; ended the period of the "Rightly Guided" caliphs

15

Where did the Umayyads move the capital of Islam to?

Damascus

16

Who was Justinian?

the first and greatest ruler of the Byzantine Empire

17

What was the geography of Constantinople?

surrounded by water, on a peninsula, had a wall to protect themselves from the other side

18

What was the Hagia Sophia?

a huge elaborate church created under Justinian's rule

19

What is the Eastern Orthodox Church?

one side of the church when the church split

20

What are the differences between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church?

The Eastern Orthodox Church has a patriarch instead of a pope and allows divorce and priests to marry

21

What is the Justinian Code?

A code of law for all of the Byzantine Empire

22

What are some main principles that the Justinian code talks about?

marriage, slavery, divorce, etc.

23

Who was Ivan III?

A Russian leader who defeated the Mongols and built the Russian Empire

24

What was Kiev?

The first Russian major city that combined the Slavic people and the Vikings

25

What is Moscow?

A Russian city that challenged the mongols; famous for its huge protective log wall

26

Who were the Mongols?

A ferocious group of people that ruled most of Southern Russian for about 200 years

27

Who was Genghis Khan?

The leader of the Mongols

28

What is the social structure of feudalism?

King
Lords, Nobles, Clergy
Knights
Peasants (and serfs)

29

What is chivalry?

a set of ideals that stated that knights fight bravely in honor of three "masters"