Flashcards in Chapter 10 - 18 Deck (52)
What are the five Pillars of Islam?
Fasting, Prayer, Almsgiving, Hajj, and the Testimony of Faith
Who was Muhammad?
the founder of Islam, according to Islam: the final prophet of Allah
Describe Sunni (one of the subsections of Islam)?
followers of Islam
Who rebelled against the Umayyads, Sunni or Shi'a?
Describe the Shi'a (one of the subsections of Islam) ?
"the party of Ali" , believed that the caliph should be a descendant of Muhammad
What is Mecca
The most important city for the Islam faith; the birthplace of Muhammad
What is a Muslim
someone who belongs to the faith of Islam
What does "Muslim" mean in Arabic?
"one who has submitted"
What is Islam
the nation of muslims; the religion founded by Muhammad
What does "Islam" mean in Arabic?
"submission to the will of Allah"
What are the similarities between Islam to Judaism and Christianity?
When Muslims conquered lands with Christians and Jews, they treated them with respect; Muslims believe that they all worship the same god : Allah
Who are the Abbasids?
leaders in control of the Islamic community
Who came first, the Umayyads or Abbasids?
Where did the Abbasids move the capital of Islam to?
Who were the Umayyads?
a group that controlled the Islamic community; ended the period of the "Rightly Guided" caliphs
Where did the Umayyads move the capital of Islam to?
Who was Justinian?
the first and greatest ruler of the Byzantine Empire
What was the geography of Constantinople?
surrounded by water, on a peninsula, had a wall to protect themselves from the other side
What was the Hagia Sophia?
a huge elaborate church created under Justinian's rule
What is the Eastern Orthodox Church?
one side of the church when the church split
What are the differences between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church?
The Eastern Orthodox Church has a patriarch instead of a pope and allows divorce and priests to marry
What is the Justinian Code?
A code of law for all of the Byzantine Empire
What are some main principles that the Justinian code talks about?
marriage, slavery, divorce, etc.
Who was Ivan III?
A Russian leader who defeated the Mongols and built the Russian Empire
What was Kiev?
The first Russian major city that combined the Slavic people and the Vikings
What is Moscow?
A Russian city that challenged the mongols; famous for its huge protective log wall
Who were the Mongols?
A ferocious group of people that ruled most of Southern Russian for about 200 years
Who was Genghis Khan?
The leader of the Mongols
What is the social structure of feudalism?
Lords, Nobles, Clergy
Peasants (and serfs)