Flashcards in Chapter 1-what is phys anthro? Deck (28)
the study of humankind, viewed from the perspective of all people and all times
study of cultures, presented in ethnography. recent and past
study of past society and their cultures
study of language
also called biological anthropology. the study of human evolution and variation, both past and current.
learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person
material objects from past cultures
a set of written or spoken symbols that relate to things (people, places, concepts ect) other thn themselves
the science of investigating language's social contexts
the scientific study of the interrelationship between what humans have inherited genetically and culture
2 key concepts to physical anthropology
everyone is a product of evolutionary history, and each of us is a product of our own individual life history
what do physical anthropologists do?
some study living people, while others study extinct and living species of our nearest biological relatives, primates.
a group of extinct and living bipedal primates in the family Hominidae. Includes all human like beings that postdate the split between the evolutionary lineage that led to modern humans (Homo) and the lineage that led to living chimps (Pan).
a group of mammals in the order Primates that have complex behavior, varied forms of locomotion, and a unique suit of traits, including large brains, forward facing eyes, fingernails, and reduced snouts.
the 6 steps to humanness
bipedalism, nomhoning canines, material culture and tool use, hunting, speech, dependence on domesticated foods
walking on 2 feet
an upper canine thats, as part of nonhoning chewing nechanism, is not sharpend against the lower third premolar.
THE PART OF CULTURE THAT IS EXPRESSED AS OBJECTS THAT HUMANS USE TO MANIPULATE environments
usually adulte men, organize themselves to pursue animals for food
evidence gathered to help answer questions, solve problems, and fill gaps in scientific knowledge.
testable statement that potentially explain specific phenomena observed in the natural world
an empirical research method in which data is gathered from observations of phenomena, hypotheses are formulated and tested, conclusions are drawn that validate or modify the original process
verified through observation and experiement
a set of hypotheses that have been rigorously tested and validated, leading to their establishment as a generally accepted explaniation of specific phenomena.
pertaining to an organism's physical structure
aphysical shape and appearance