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Flashcards in Chapter 1-what is phys anthro? Deck (28)
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1

anthropology

the study of humankind, viewed from the perspective of all people and all times

2

cultural

study of cultures, presented in ethnography. recent and past

3

archaeology

study of past society and their cultures

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linguistic

study of language

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physical anthropology

also called biological anthropology. the study of human evolution and variation, both past and current.

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cuture

learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person

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artifacts

material objects from past cultures

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language

a set of written or spoken symbols that relate to things (people, places, concepts ect) other thn themselves

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sociolinguistics

the science of investigating language's social contexts

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biocultural approach

the scientific study of the interrelationship between what humans have inherited genetically and culture

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2 key concepts to physical anthropology

everyone is a product of evolutionary history, and each of us is a product of our own individual life history

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what do physical anthropologists do?

some study living people, while others study extinct and living species of our nearest biological relatives, primates.

13

hominids

a group of extinct and living bipedal primates in the family Hominidae. Includes all human like beings that postdate the split between the evolutionary lineage that led to modern humans (Homo) and the lineage that led to living chimps (Pan).

14

primates

a group of mammals in the order Primates that have complex behavior, varied forms of locomotion, and a unique suit of traits, including large brains, forward facing eyes, fingernails, and reduced snouts.

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the 6 steps to humanness

bipedalism, nomhoning canines, material culture and tool use, hunting, speech, dependence on domesticated foods

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bipedalism

walking on 2 feet

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nonhoning canine

an upper canine thats, as part of nonhoning chewing nechanism, is not sharpend against the lower third premolar.

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material culture

THE PART OF CULTURE THAT IS EXPRESSED AS OBJECTS THAT HUMANS USE TO MANIPULATE environments

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hunting

usually adulte men, organize themselves to pursue animals for food

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data

evidence gathered to help answer questions, solve problems, and fill gaps in scientific knowledge.

21

hypothesis

testable statement that potentially explain specific phenomena observed in the natural world

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scientific method

an empirical research method in which data is gathered from observations of phenomena, hypotheses are formulated and tested, conclusions are drawn that validate or modify the original process

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empirical

verified through observation and experiement

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theory

a set of hypotheses that have been rigorously tested and validated, leading to their establishment as a generally accepted explaniation of specific phenomena.

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anatomical

pertaining to an organism's physical structure

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aboreal

tree dwelling

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morphology

aphysical shape and appearance

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scientific law

a theory that becomes absolutely true