Chapter 1: Orientation and Fire Service History Flashcards Preview

Essentials of Fire Fighting 6th Edition > Chapter 1: Orientation and Fire Service History > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1: Orientation and Fire Service History Deck (18)
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1

All-Hazard Concept

Provides a coordinated approach to a wide variety of incidents; all responders use a similar, coordinated approach with a common set of authorities, protections, and resources.

2

Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)

Term used in codes and standards to identify the legal entity, such as a building or fire official, that has the statutory authority to enforce a code and to approve or require equipment; may be a unit of a local, state, or federal government, depending on where the work occurs. In the insurance industry, it may refer to an insurance rating bureau or an insurance company inspection department.

3

Code

A collection of rules and regulations that has been enacted by law in a particular jurisdiction. Codes typically address a single subject area; examples include a mechanical, electrical, building, or fire code.

4

Culture

The shared assumptions, beliefs, and values of a group or organization.

5

External Customers

Citizens of the service area protected by the organization.

6

Fireproof

Obsolete term for resistance to fire; inappropriate because all materials except water will burn. Other terms such as fire resistive or fire resistant should be used.

7

Incident Command System (ICS)

Standardized approach to incident management that facilitates interaction between cooperating agencies; adaptable to incidents of any size or type.

8

Internal Customers

Employees and memberships of the organization.

9

Interoperability

Ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and use the information that has been exchanged.

10

Jargon

The specialized or technical language of a trade, profession, or similar group.

11

Line Functions

Personnel who provide emergency services to external customers (the public).

12

Panic Hardware

Hardware mounted on exit doors in public buildings on exit doors in public building that unlock from the inside and enable doors to be opened when pressure is applied to release mechanism.

13

Policy

Guide to decision making in an organization.

14

Procedure

Step-by-step written plan that is closely related to a policy. Procedures help an organization to ensure that it consistently approaches a task in the correct way, in order to accomplish a specific objective and comply with a policy.

15

Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)

Rule for how personnel should perform routine functions or emergency operations. Procedures are typically written in a handbook, so that all firefighters can become familiar with them.

16

Staff/Support Functions

Personnel who provide administrative and logistical support to line units (internal customers)

17

Standard

A set of principles, protocols, or procedures that explain how to do something or provide a set of minimum standards to be followed. Adhering to a standard is not required by law, although standards may be incorporated in codes, which are legally enforceable.

18

Wildland/Urban Interface

Line, area, or zone where an undeveloped wildland area meets a human development area. Also known as Urban/Wildland Interface.