Chapter 1: Introduction To Interpersonal Communication Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Introduction To Interpersonal Communication Deck (46)
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1

Communication apprehension (CA)

Of fear or anxiety pertaining to the communication process

2

Intercultural communication apprehension

The fear or anxiety pertaining to communication with people from different cultural backgrounds

3

Interpersonal communication

The process of message transaction between two people to create and sustain shared meaning

4

Process

When used to describe interpersonal communication, an ongoing, unending, vibrant activity that always changes

5

Message exchange

The transaction of verbal and nonverbal messages being sent simultaneously between two people

6

Meaning

What communicators create together through the use of verbal and nonverbal messages

7

Communication models

Visual, simplified representations of complex relationships in the communication process

8

Linear model of communication

The characterization of communication as a one-way process transmits a message from a sender to receiver

9

Sender

The source of a message

10

Message

Spoken, written, or unspoken information sent from a sender to receiver

11

Receiver

The intended target of a message

12

Channel

A pathway through which a message is sent

13

Noise

Anything that interferes with accurate transmission or reception of a message. See also physical noise, physiological noise, psychological noise, and semantic noise

14

Physical noise

Any stimuli outside of the sender or a receiver that interferes with the transmission or reception of a message. Also called external noise.

15

Physiological noise

Biological influences on a sender or a receiver that interfere with the transmission or reception of a message

16

Psychological noise

Biases, prejudices, and feelings that interfere with the accurate transmission or reception of a message. Also called internal noise.

17

Semantic noise

Occurs when senders and receivers apply different meanings to the same messages; may take the form of jargon, technical language, and other words and phrases that are familiar to the sender but that are not understood by the receiver.

18

Context

The environment in which a message is sent.

19

Physical context

The tangible environment in which communication occurs.

20

Cultural context

The cultural environment in which communication occurs refers to the rules, roles, norms, and patterns of communication that are unique to a particular culture.

21

Social-emotional context

The relational and emotional environment in which communication occurs.

22

Historical context

What type of context in which messages are understood in relationship to previously sent messages.

23

Interactional model of communication

The characterization of communication as a two-way process in which a message is sent from sender to receiver and from receiver to sender.

24

Feedback

A verbal or nonverbal response to a message.

25

Internal feedback

The feedback we give ourselves when we assess our own communication.

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External feedback

The feedback we receive from other people.

27

Transactional model of communication

A characterization of communication as the reciprocal sending and receiving of messages. In a transactional encounter, the sender and receiver do not simply send meaning from one to the other and then back again; rather, they build a shared meaning through simultaneous sending and receiving.

28

Field of experience

The influence of a persons cultural, past experiences, personal history, and hereditary on the communication process.

29

Relational history

The prior relationship experiences that two people share.

30

Relational rules

Negotiable rules that indicates what to relational partners expect and allow when they talk to each other.