Chapter 1- Intro To A&P Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and physiology > Chapter 1- Intro To A&P > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1- Intro To A&P Deck (69)
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The study of anatomy and physiology provides...

1. The foundation for understanding all other basic life sciences
2. An understanding of how your body works under normal and abnormal circumstances
3. A basis for making common sense decisions about your own life.

1

The study of internal and external body structures is...

Anatomy

2

Reading the textbook and memorizing important facts will assure you of success in the A&P course...

False

3

Physiology is the study of...

How living organisms perform functions

4

The four basic building blocks of medical terms are...

Word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining forms

5

The worldwide official standard of anatomical vocabulary is...

Terminologia anatomica

6

Anatomy and physiology are closely related because...

1. Anatomical information provides clues about functions
2. All specific functions are performed by specific structures
3. Physiological mechanisms can be explained only in terms of underlying anatomy

7

The study of general form and superficial anatomical markings is called...

Surface anatomy

8

The anatomical specialty that provides a bridge between the realms of macroscopic anatomy and microscopic anatomy is...

Developmental anatomy

9

The specialized study that analyzes the structure of individual cells is...

Cytology

10

The scientist who studies the effects of diseases on organ or system functions would be classified as a...

Pathological physiologist

11

The smallest living units in the body are...

Cells

12

The level of organization that reflects the interactions between organ systems is the...

Organism

13

The two regulatory systems in the human body are the...

Nervous and endocrine

14

Homeostasis refers to...

The maintenance of a stable internal environment

15

When a variation outside of normal limits triggers an automatic response that corrects the situation, the mechanism is called...

Negative feedback

16

When an initial disturbance produces a response that exaggerates the disturbance, the mechanism is called...

Positive feedback

17

An erect body, with the feet together, eyes directed forward, and the arms at the side of the body with the palms of the hands turned forward, represents the...

Anatomical position

18

Moving from the wrist toward the elbow is an example of moving in a...

Proximal direction

19

RLQ is an abbreviation used as a reference to designate a specific...

Abdominopelvic quadrant

20

Making a Sagittal section results in the separation of...

Right and left portions of the body

21

The two major subdivisions of the ventral body cavity are the...

Thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity

22

The heart and lungs are located in the...

Thoracic

23

The ventral body cavity is divided by a flat muscular sheet called the...

Diaphragm

24

The study of anatomy and physiology provides and explanation of how the body responds to normal and abnormal conditions and maintains...

Homeostasis

25

Anatomy is the study of internal and external...

Body structures

26

A comparative name for a structure that was originally named for a real or mythical person is an...

Eponym

27

A person who specializes in the study of tissue is called a...

Histologist

28

The study of early developmental processes is called...

Embryology

29

The study of the functions of the living cells is called...

Cell physiology