Flashcards in Chapter 1 Family Dynamics & Etiology Of Schizophrenia Deck (9)
How does Gregory Bateson define a "Double Bind" ?
A person in an important relationship in which escape is not feasible and response is necessary. Person receives 2 related but contradictory messages, conveyed on different levels, but finds it difficult to recognize or comment on the inconsistency.
In focusing on the failure to arrive at cooperative roles, Theodore Lidz identified two types of marital discord. What are they?
Marital Schism (open conflict) - couples undermine each other and compete openly for their children's effection.
Marital Skew (pathological balance) - serious character flaws in one partner who dominates the other. One passive and dependent - the other appears to be a strong parent but in fact is a pathological bully.
Nichols p. 15 & 27
Define the terms Pseudomutality, Pseudohostitly and Rubber Fence coined by Lyman Wynne.
Pseudomutality - a facade of harmony. So committed to togetherness that's there's no room for separate identities.
Pseudohostitly - like bickering of situation-comedy families than real animosity. Distorts communication and impairs rational thinking. Undermines intimacy and masks deeper conflict.
Rubber Fence - an invisible barrier that stretches to allow limited extra-familial contact but springs back if that involvement goes, too far.
Nichols p. 15
Who are the 3 pioneers of Family Therapy?
1. John Elderkin Bell
2. Murray Bowen
3. Don Jackson
Nichols p. 17-21
Which pioneer family therapist began seeing families in the 50s but did not publish ideas for decades - didn't establish an important clinical center or training program and was credited with being one of the first to treat families?
John Elderkin Bell
Nichols p. 17
What are John Elderkin Bell's three predictable stages of family groups?
Stage 1. Child-centered stage - child encouraged to express their wishes and concerns.
Stage 2. Parent-centered stage - focuses on softening the harshness of parental criticism in order to focus on problem solving.
Stage 3. Family-centered stage - therapist equalized support for the entire family, while assisting in improving their communication and work out solutions to their problems.
Nichols p. 18
What contributions did Gregory Bateson make to Family Therapy?
- Scientific leader of the Palo Alto Project that studied the nature of communication
- studied the nature of communication in families who had a schizophrenic member
- from his work emerged the concepts of homeostasis, double bind, and the identified patient.
M&F Class notes p. 8-9
What are 3 important facts about Don Jackson?
1. He was associated with the Palo Alto Research Project I. 1954
2. He stubbled in FT as a result of becoming interested in helping the people that he was researching.
3. He was a part of the Mental Health Research Institute (MRI).