Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (20)
Positivists’ views influenced the correctional system to consider the criminal act instead of the individual motivation for crime.
The state-authorized imposition of some form of deprivation--liberty, resources, or even life--is a ______.
Which school emerged first in the study of the correctional system?
There is scant evidence that individuals weigh the costs and benefits of engaging in criminal behavior.
______ is the study of punishment.
Rehabilitation is the most recently identified objective of the practice of punishment.
The correctional enterprise, despite advancing other goals, is primarily concerned with punishment.
Utility is the basis for Bentham’s philosophy of social control.
______ is NOT one of Garofalo’s individualized sentences.
Positivists relied on empirical studies of the causes of crime to determine appropriate punishment.
Reintegration assumes individuals can be transformed through effective programs.
Early forms of punishment were unusually humane and controlled by today’s standards.
The state taking responsibility for punishing wrongdoers from the individuals who were wronged is called ______.
The various philosophies and goals of punishment, including retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, and reintegration, are ultimately aimed at the prevention of crime.
Research finds that legal sanctions have a substantial effect on deterrence.
A Philosophy of punishment aimed at the prevention of crime by the threat of punishment
A philosophy of punishment demanding that criminals punishments match the degree of harm the criminals have inflicted on their victims- that is what they justly deserve
A philosophy of punishment that refers to the inability of criminals to victimize people outside prison walls while they are locked up
A philosophy of punishment aimed at "curing" criminals of their antisocial behavior