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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (20)
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1

Positivists’ views influenced the correctional system to consider the criminal act instead of the individual motivation for crime.

False

2

The state-authorized imposition of some form of deprivation--liberty, resources, or even life--is a ______.

Legal punishment

3

Which school emerged first in the study of the correctional system?

Classical

4

There is scant evidence that individuals weigh the costs and benefits of engaging in criminal behavior.

False

5

______ is the study of punishment.

Sociology

6

Rehabilitation is the most recently identified objective of the practice of punishment.

False

7

The correctional enterprise, despite advancing other goals, is primarily concerned with punishment.

True

8

Utility is the basis for Bentham’s philosophy of social control.

True

9

______ is NOT one of Garofalo’s individualized sentences.

Born criminal

10

Positivists relied on empirical studies of the causes of crime to determine appropriate punishment.

True

11

Reintegration assumes individuals can be transformed through effective programs.

True

12

Early forms of punishment were unusually humane and controlled by today’s standards.

False

13

The state taking responsibility for punishing wrongdoers from the individuals who were wronged is called ______.

Control vengeance

14

The various philosophies and goals of punishment, including retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, and reintegration, are ultimately aimed at the prevention of crime.

True

15

Research finds that legal sanctions have a substantial effect on deterrence.

True

16

Deterrence

A Philosophy of punishment aimed at the prevention of crime by the threat of punishment

17

Retribution

A philosophy of punishment demanding that criminals punishments match the degree of harm the criminals have inflicted on their victims- that is what they justly deserve

18

Incapacitation

A philosophy of punishment that refers to the inability of criminals to victimize people outside prison walls while they are locked up

19

Rehabilitation

A philosophy of punishment aimed at "curing" criminals of their antisocial behavior

20

Reintegration

A philosophy of punishment that aims to use the time criminals are under correctional supervision to prepare them to renter the free community as well equipped to do so as possible