Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (6)
cognitive neuroscience definition
-the study of how the brain gives rise to the mind (the link between brain function and cognition)
-cognitive neuroscience—from cognition, or the process of knowing (i.e., what arises from awareness, perception, and reasoning),
-neuroscience (the study of how the nervous system is organized and functions).
cognitive neuroscience involves
--includes: sensation and perception, attention, memory, emotion, language, social cognition, and consciousness
-multi-disciplinary area of study combining knowledge from cognitive psychology, neurophysiology, genetics, neuroanatomy, neurology/psychiatry, computer science, behavioral economics, and statistics
is the mind enabled by the whole brain working together (holism) or is the mind enabled by specialized parts of the brain working fairly independently (localzationism)?
-there are specialized parts of the brain that do specialized activities
-but in general the brain works together to get the whole processing power
describe Golgi's work
developed one of the most famous cell stains in the history of the world
-would stain an individual neuron without staining the neurons around it
-This stain permits visualization of individual neurons in their entirety.
describe Ramon Y Cajal's work ...what did he tell us about neurons?
-father of neuroscience
was the first to identify that the nervous system is made up of individual cells using Golgi's stain
-recognized that the transmission of electrical information went in only one direction, from the dendrites down to the axonal tip