Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (97)
what is psychology
cognitive, sensation and perception, biological psychology, language, thought, Research methods
literal translation of Psychology
study of the soul
Who is Wilhem Wundt? time period?
1879, he campaigned to make psychology an independent study, created the first lab
how many labs were created between the years of 1883-1893
who is jean stanley hall
first person in north america to open a lab (at john hopkins, 1883)
what are the north american associations for psychology and when were they established?
American Psychological Association (1892)
Canadian Psychological Association (1939)
where was the first psychology course in canada, and what year?
Dalhousie college, in 1838
who opened the first lab in canada, what year and where?
Mark Baldwin, at UofT, 1891
who founded structuralism
analyse consciousness into basic elements, in order to understand how we understand the world
systematic observation of "direct and immediate experience"
stimulus error in terms of structuralism
labeling the term based on your experience, instead you should describe the breakdown of the object
criticism of structuralism
unnatural, "breaking down the conscious experience doesn't make any sense"
Who founded functionalism
William James MD
when was structuralism created
early 1900s, technically created by edward titchner
analyze conscious flow of thought in a natural setting, if we want to understand our conscious experience, we must analyze the content of those thoughts. Owes a dept to Darwin and his theory of evolution. Must be a purpose to our consciousness, focus on function and benefit to our thoughts
when were women first allowed to participate in an undergraduate degree, and why?
1830, because women were considered to be inferior, also school was thought to disrupt their menstrual cycle. (canada: mount allison, 1875)
Mary Whiton Calkins
first female APA president in 1905, worked at harvard but never officially enrolled, bc she was a woman
"dragon lady", president of the society of academic freedom. interested in the differences of neurological functions between men and women (memory, spatial awareness, etc)
Mary J. Wright
first CPA president, 1968
She gave us a better understand of memory through her work with H.M
who is H.M.
a young boy who had seizures, tried to remove a part of his brain, after surgery, his seizures were better, but couldn't form long term memories. Brenda Milners Patient
When was Behaviourism on the rise
on of the chief proponents of behaviourism
we should only study behaviour we can observe and verify, nothing inside your mind (anything overt and observable).
any detectable input from the environment, anything you could react too
behaviourism base question
if i present a stimulus, how do you respond? (being shocked, grimace, move away etc.)
Watsons stance on Nature vs Nurture
environment molded the child, he believed he could raise any child he wanted by putting them in specific environments
Nature vs. Nurture
what drives you behaviour: genetics or environment? Not clear cut, a mix of both