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1

what is psychology

cognitive, sensation and perception, biological psychology, language, thought, Research methods

2

literal translation of Psychology

study of the soul

3

Who is Wilhem Wundt? time period?

1879, he campaigned to make psychology an independent study, created the first lab

4

how many labs were created between the years of 1883-1893

20

5

who is jean stanley hall

first person in north america to open a lab (at john hopkins, 1883)

6

what are the north american associations for psychology and when were they established?

American Psychological Association (1892)
Canadian Psychological Association (1939)

7

where was the first psychology course in canada, and what year?

Dalhousie college, in 1838

8

who opened the first lab in canada, what year and where?

Mark Baldwin, at UofT, 1891

9

who founded structuralism

Edward Titchner

10

structuralism approach

analyse consciousness into basic elements, in order to understand how we understand the world

11

introspection

systematic observation of "direct and immediate experience"

12

stimulus error in terms of structuralism

labeling the term based on your experience, instead you should describe the breakdown of the object

13

criticism of structuralism

unnatural, "breaking down the conscious experience doesn't make any sense"

14

Who founded functionalism

William James MD

15

when was structuralism created

early 1900s, technically created by edward titchner

16

functionalism approach

analyze conscious flow of thought in a natural setting, if we want to understand our conscious experience, we must analyze the content of those thoughts. Owes a dept to Darwin and his theory of evolution. Must be a purpose to our consciousness, focus on function and benefit to our thoughts

17

when were women first allowed to participate in an undergraduate degree, and why?

1830, because women were considered to be inferior, also school was thought to disrupt their menstrual cycle. (canada: mount allison, 1875)

18

Mary Whiton Calkins

first female APA president in 1905, worked at harvard but never officially enrolled, bc she was a woman

19

Doreen Kimura

"dragon lady", president of the society of academic freedom. interested in the differences of neurological functions between men and women (memory, spatial awareness, etc)

20

Mary J. Wright

first CPA president, 1968

21

Brenda Milner

She gave us a better understand of memory through her work with H.M

22

who is H.M.

a young boy who had seizures, tried to remove a part of his brain, after surgery, his seizures were better, but couldn't form long term memories. Brenda Milners Patient

23

When was Behaviourism on the rise

early 1900s

24

John Watson

on of the chief proponents of behaviourism

25

bahaviourism approach

we should only study behaviour we can observe and verify, nothing inside your mind (anything overt and observable).

26

stimulus

any detectable input from the environment, anything you could react too

27

behaviourism base question

if i present a stimulus, how do you respond? (being shocked, grimace, move away etc.)

28

Watsons stance on Nature vs Nurture

environment molded the child, he believed he could raise any child he wanted by putting them in specific environments

29

Nature vs. Nurture

what drives you behaviour: genetics or environment? Not clear cut, a mix of both

30

effects from behaviourism

stimulus response psychology led to animal research. By providing a certain stimuli to animals we can see how they change their behaviour. look at principles of behaviour