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what is sport and exercise psychology?

-an interdisciplinary scientific and applied field that embraces the integration of sport/exercise science and psychological knowledge
-recognized by both parent fields
-draw upon multiple areas of psychology


positive psychology

-focuses o subjective experiences that help people and groups thrive: ex) well-being, satisfaction, enjoymnt, resiliency, confidence, happiness


how can positive psychology be applied to sport and exercise?

-enhancing performance or achieving benefits from exercise= slow, frustrating process (where failure if common)
-requires resiliency and perseverance
-resiliency is fostered through positive emotional, cognitive, and behavioural factors
emotional: joy, happiness, enjoyment, satisfaction
cognitive: optimism
behavioural: practice of focusing on strengths rather than weakness


are sport psychology and exercise psych the same

-both overlapping with unique foci
sport psych foci: understanding and enhancing sport performance among athletes
exercise psych foci: promoting exercise adherence among the general population
common foci: some topics are of common interest ex) adherence, social influences)


sport and exercise psych applies to a broad population base

-older adults
-physically disabled
-average participant
-coaches, teachers, fitness leaders


two objectives of sport and exercise psych

a) understand the effects of psychological factors on physical or motor performance
b) understand the effects of sport or exercise participation on psychological development, health and well-being


what career options are available in sport/exercise psychology

-at unis and colleges
-intro into sport/exercise psych
-health psych/ behavioral med
-applied sport psychological
-exercise intervention
-bahvioural/motivation couselling

-teaching: within the community
-increasing knowledge of sport and exercise psych


careers continued

-research to advance knowledge:
-apply for research funding
-conduct research
-dismissive research funding

-consulting: help indivduals, teams, and organizations
-improve performance
-change physical activity levels
-manage sport/life demands
-enhance personal well-being


what does training to be a sport and exercise psych specialist look like

clinical and counselling sport and exercise psych
-graduate training in clinical or counselling psychology
-supplementry training or education in sport/exercise sciences
sport and exercise psych consultant
-graduate training in sport/exercise
-completion of key courses in foundational disciplines
-consulting and sport/exercise experience
-supevisor and client evaluation
-must work within the range of their competencies


scientific constructs

-specifically defined terms hat have been created for a scientific purpose



-scientific construct that can be assigned a specific value to be counted
-the variable that gets manipulated (cause) that produces a change in the dependent variable
-an outcome that is expected to change as a result of manipulating the independent variable



-specifies relationships across a number of scientific constructs and attempts to explain phenomena across time, contexts and people
-formed based on research
-continually being refined


research hypothesis

-educated guesses about the nature of the relatioships among scientific constructs given specific conditions
-formed from theories and past research
-central to the refinement of theories


traditionally used quantitative methodologies

-focuses on quantifying variables
-assumes reality is objective
-knowledge is formed through objective observations


recent emergence of qualitative methodologies

-assumes reality is constructed by indivduals in certain contexts
-can provide a deeper level f understanding than available in quantitative


evidence based practice

-application of sport and exercise psychology should be grounded in evidence-based practice
-the use of the best available research evidence to inform clinical decision-making and service delivery
-relies on peer-reviewed, scholerly research
-consider characteristics of the research population
-maintain dignity of the person/groups
-consider motivation, preference and personal situation of client
-consider level of competence to deliver a specific intervention