Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Drugs And The Neuroscience Of Behavior > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (48)
Loading flashcards...
1

Study of how drugs affect mood, perception, thinking, or behavior

Psychopharmacology

2

Drugs that affect mood, perception, thinking, or behavior by acting in the nervous system

Psychoactive drugs

3

The study of how drugs affect behavior. Sometimes behavioral pharmacologists emphasize principles used in field of behavior analysis

Behavioral pharmacology

4

The study of how drugs affect the nervous system and how these nervous system changes alter behavior

Neuropsychopharmacology

5

Drugs used for treating disorders

Pharmacotherapeutics

6

Administered substance that alters physiological functioning

Drug

7

Using a drug to address a specific purpose

Instrumental drug use

8

Drug used to treat a physical or mental disorder

Therapeutic drug

9

Using a drug entirely to experience the drug's effects

Recreational drug use

10

A trademarked name a company provides for a drug

Trade name (or brand name)

11

A nonproprietary name that indicates the classification for a drug and distinguishes it from others in the same class

Generic name

12

Dose

Ratio of drug per an organism's body weight

13

Depicts the magnitude of a drug effect by dose

Dose-effect curve

14

Represents the dose at which 50 percent of an effect was observed

ED_50 value

15

Amount of drug used to produce a certain level of effect

Potency

16

Ratio of a drug's toxic dose-effect curve value relative to therapeutic dose-effect curve value

Therapeutic index

17

A therapeutic index calculated by dividing a TD_1 value by an ED_99 value

Certain safety index

18

The physiological actions of drugs

Pharmacodynamics

19

A drug's passage through the body

Pharmacokinetics

20

The study of how genetic differences influence a drug's pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects

Pharmacogenetics

21

Pharmacological effects that can be directly observed by others

Objective effects

22

Pharmacological effects that cannot be directly observed by others

Subjective effects

23

How do pharmacodynamic effects differ from pharmacokinetic effects?

Pharmacodynamic effects refer to the biological effects of a drug, whereas pharmacokinetic effects refer to the movement of a drug through the body, including entry into the nervous system

24

How might pharmacogenetic factors alter a person's response to a psychoactive drug?

One's genetic makeup may alter a drug's passage through the body or alter a drug's actions in the nervous system

25

What is the challenge in studying subjective drug effects?

Subjective effects represent an individual's personal and non-publicly observable effects from a drug, including how a person feels after taking the drug. Self report. Yet, for recreational drugs, subjective effects are the most important to characterize and understand.

26

Substance identical in appearance to a drug but physiologically inert

Placebo

27

Number of treatments and doses provided to patients described in a clinical

Treatment arms

28

Detailed summaries of a clinical study's design and results

Clinical study reports

29

When researchers do not inform study participants which treatment or placebo they received

Single-blind procedure

30

When neither the participants nor investigators know the treatment assignments during a study

Double-blind procedure