Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (29)
Scientific study of the relationship between behavior and the brain
The Brain Hypothesis
The brain is the source of behavior.
The Neuron Hypothesis
The unit of brain structure and function is the neuron
The CNS can be divided into the _____, _____, and _____.
Folds of the cortex
Creases between folds of the cortex
The PNS consists of the _____ and _____ nervous system.
SNS (somatic) contains _____ and _____ pathways.
ANS (autonomic) contains pathways that control _____.
(heart, lungs, etc.)
First formal theory of behavior (Mentalism) came about from _____.
Dualism came about from _____.
The mind-body problem produced _____.
(mind and body are a unitary whole)
Materialism was developed by _____.
Theory that function is localized in specific areas of the brain.
Hierarchical organization and distributed systems in the brain were proposed by _____.
Complexity of behavior occurs in levels
Severed corpus callosum
Mediates actions controlled by conscious visual perception
Vision for action without conscious awareness
Nerve Net Hypothesis proposed by _____.
_____ proposed that neurons were discrete and autonomous.
Santiago Ramon y Cajal
_____ discovered electrical stimulation caused muscular contraction
_____ and _____ discovered topographic organization in the cortex.
Gustav Theodor Fristch
_____ was the first to report electrical stimulation of human cortex in a conscious person.
Synapse first described by _____.
Charles Scott Sherrington
_____ discovered that chemicals carry the message across the synapse.