Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

Neuropsychology > Chapter 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (29)
Loading flashcards...
1

Neuropsychology

Scientific study of the relationship between behavior and the brain

2

The Brain Hypothesis

The brain is the source of behavior.

3

The Neuron Hypothesis

The unit of brain structure and function is the neuron

4

The CNS can be divided into the _____, _____, and _____.

forebrain
brainstem
spinal cord

5

Folds of the cortex

Gyri

6

Creases between folds of the cortex

Sulci

7

The PNS consists of the _____ and _____ nervous system.

somatic
autonomic

8

SNS (somatic) contains _____ and _____ pathways.

sensory
motor

9

ANS (autonomic) contains pathways that control _____.

internal organs
(heart, lungs, etc.)

10

First formal theory of behavior (Mentalism) came about from _____.

Aristotle

11

Dualism came about from _____.

Descartes

12

The mind-body problem produced _____.

monism
(mind and body are a unitary whole)

13

Materialism was developed by _____.

Darwin

14

Phrenology

Theory that function is localized in specific areas of the brain.

15

Broca's aphasia

speech production

16

Wernicke's aphasia

speech comprehension

17

Hierarchical organization and distributed systems in the brain were proposed by _____.

John Hughlings-Jackson

18

Hierarchical organization

Complexity of behavior occurs in levels

19

Split Brain

Severed corpus callosum

20

Ventral Stream

(what?)
Mediates actions controlled by conscious visual perception

21

Dorsal Stream

(where?)
Vision for action without conscious awareness

22

Nerve Net Hypothesis proposed by _____.

Camillo Golgi

23

_____ proposed that neurons were discrete and autonomous.

Santiago Ramon y Cajal

24

_____ discovered electrical stimulation caused muscular contraction

Luigi Galvani

25

_____ and _____ discovered topographic organization in the cortex.

Gustav Theodor Fristch
Eduard Hitzig

26

_____ was the first to report electrical stimulation of human cortex in a conscious person.

Roberts Bartholow

27

Synapse first described by _____.

Charles Scott Sherrington

28

_____ discovered that chemicals carry the message across the synapse.

Otto Loewi

29

_____ said that when cells are activated at the same time, they establish or strengthen the synapse.

Donald Hebb
(Hebbian Plasticity)
Cells that fire together, wire together.